Minimal deformity, intact rim
Bone loss from 9am-5pm around rim, superomedial cup migration
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A 85-year-old man who underwent hemiarthroplasty 5 years ago now complains of thigh pain for the past four months. Laboratory studies show a normal white blood cell count (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP). An aspiration of the hip is performed and is negative for infection. A radiograph is shown in Figure A. Which of the following is the best management option for the femoral implant?
Bone scan to look for loosening
Touch down weight bearing and physical therapy
Revision with a tumor prosthesis
Revision of femoral component with metaphyseal cement fixation of the stem
Revision to a cementless femoral component with diaphyseal press-fit fixation of the stem
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Figure A shows an AP hip radiograph of a 72-year-old woman who had had a right total hip arthroplasty fifteen years previously. CT imaging of the affected hip shows non-contained defects in both the anterior and posterior columns of the peri-acetabular region affecting greater than 50% of the weight bearing surface. Which of the following revision procedures would restore the most acetabular bone stock and be most appropriate for this patient?
Morselized allograft and/or autograft bone, combined with a cemented acetabular component
Acetabular revision with use of a bilobed cementless component and morselized allograft
Morselized allograft and/or autograft bone, combined with a cementless acetabular component
Revision using an ilioischial reconstruction ring acetabular component and structural corticocancellous graft
Revision using a roof ring acetabular component and structural corticocancellous graft
Which of the following is true regarding the conversion of hip arthrodesis to total hip arthroplasty?
Implant survivorship is greater than 95% at 20 years following conversion to arthroplasty
Conversion to arthroplasty should not be performed if arthrodesis is more than 15 years old
Function of gluteus medius is predictive of ambulatory status
Rate of complication is equivalent to primary total hip arthroplasty
Incidence of nerve palsy is comparable to primary total hip arthroplasty
A 71 year old gentleman underwent left total hip arthroplasty 10 years ago. Eighteen months ago he began having hip and thigh pain. Over the past 6 weeks, the pain has become excruciating and he has been unable to ambulate, even with the aid of a walker. He has mild pain with passive internal and external rotation of the hip. He is unable to ambulate in the office. Laboratory values are notable for a WBC of 10,300, CRP of 0.2, and ESR of 13. A radiograph is provided in figure A. Which of the following is the best treatment option?
Radionuclide bone scan and MRI
Open reduction internal fixation with a cable plate and allograft strut
Revision arthroplasty with a fully coated cementless stem, cable wiring, and bone graft
Revision arthroplasty with a modular, tapered stem and bone grafting of the diaphyseal fixation
Revision arthroplasty with a total femur prosthesis
Which of the following statements is true regarding the thirty-year follow-up data obtained from the Charnley "low-friction" total hip arthroplasty?
Acetabular component failure was the least common reason for revision surgery
The number of revisions required for periprosthetic fractures was higher than that for deep infections
Acetabular component failure was a more common reason for revision than deep infection
Femoral component failure was a more common reason for revision than acetabular component failure
Deep infection was the most common reason for revision
A 67-year-old female with history rheumatoid arthritis presents with acute onset severe left hip pain eight years status-post total hip arthroplasty. She is unable to weight bear on the left leg, but denies any other pain or systemic symptoms. A current radiograph of the pelvis is shown in Figure A. What is the most likely cause of the patient's current hip pain symptoms?
Poor surgical technique
Rheumatoid arthritis flare
Catastrophic implant failure
Development of pelvic discontinuity
A 91-year-old male with a history of chronic leukemia and dementia falls and sustains the hip fracture shown in Figure A. He undergoes a hemiarthroplasty through a posterior approach. A post-operative radiograph is shown in Figure B. Three weeks later he dislocates the hip arising from the toilet seat. A radiograph is shown in Figure C. The patient undergoes a closed reduction and is placed in a hip abduction brace. Post reduction radiograph is shown in Figure D. One month later he returns to clinic complaining of pain and inability to bear weight through the leg. A radiograph of the hip is included in Figure E. Which of the following factors has MOST likely contributed to the instability of the hip hemiarthroplasty?
Femoral stem subsidence
Inadequate femoral stem neck length
Patient's dementia status
A 72-year old female who underwent an uncemented right total hip arthroplasty 2 years ago complains of right hip pain after a fall. Figure A shows her current radiograph. Which acetabular bone defect classification and treatment option best describes this scenario?
AAOS Type III - anti-protrusio cage with augmentation and a posterior column plate
AAOS Type IV - anti-protrusio cage with screw fixation and a posterior column plate
AAOS Type II - jumbo cup with augmentation and a posterior column plate
AAOS Type I - total acetabular allograft with a cemented cup
AAOS Type II - custom triflange acetabular component
A 74-year-old man presents with start-up thigh pain following a total hip replacement 10 years ago. Immediate post-operative radiograph is shown in Figure A. A current radiograph is shown in Figure B. Aspiration of the hip yields 1,005 white blood cells/ml. ESR is 12 (normal <40) and CRP is 0.4 (normal <1.2). Which of the following is the most appropriate management at this time?
Revision of the femoral component to an uncemented, long, fully porous-coated stem
Revision of the femoral component to a cemented stem
Revision of the femoral component to an allograft prosthetic composite
Revision of the femoral component to a proximal femoral replacement
Removal of prosthesis with insertion of antibiotic spacer
A 72-year-old female returns to clinic for 15 year follow up of left total hip arthroplasty. She ambulates without any assistive devices, has no pain, and denies any recent fevers or systemic illness. A radiograph is provided in figure A. Which of the following is the best treatment option?
Follow up radiographs in 3 years
Follow up radiographs in 5 years
Revision surgery with femoral head and polyethylene exchange and retroacetabular bone grafting
Revision of acetabular component with jumbo cup and femoral head exchange
Revision of acetabular component with jumbo cup and femoral stem revision
HPI - • 90 female with right hip groin pain x 2 years. Unable to weight bear over last several months
• History of right THA performed in 1996 which provided her with durable pain relief for 18 years
• Initial radiographs demonstrated significant wear and a loose acetabular component with screw breakage
• Given her age, function status and medical comorbidities, she and her husband elected to proceed with nonoperative management
• 3 months after initial presentation, she returned in severe pain after hearing a loud crack in her hip while bending over. Radiographs demonstrated a fracture thru the ischium and suggested pelvic discontinuity
What surgery would you have offered?
HPI - Patient complain of hip pain and LOM
Would you rule out infection in this case and how?
HPI - Fall from standing height
How would you treat this injury?