1. The results have been reported of total hip replacement by a low-friction technique using high-density polyethylene for the acetabular component in 379 primary interventions, performed between November 1962 and December 1965 and followed for between four and seven years.

2. Apart from failures due to infection, the rate of which in the era under review was 3·8 per cent, late failures from mechanical causes were unusual after total hip replacement by this technique. When the socket was cemented in position, which is now routine, the late mechanical failure from all causes was only 1·3 per cent in 210 cases.

3. As regards the quality of the results and their maintenance over the years, the results were so good (Table X) that it was unnecessary to distinguish an intermediate class of "improvement" between success and failure.

4. As regards relief of pain and ability to walk, the average final rating, on a scale numbered 1 to 6, was 5·9 for both, indicating 90 per cent of patients in Grade 6 (excellent) and only 10 per cent in Grade 5 (good).

5. The average recovery of movement was not as spectacular and was influenced considerably by the pre-operative range, but in all cases that range was improved on. Even starting with the stiffest of hips about one patient in four regained a right angle of flexion movement. There was no tendency to lose movement with the passage of time.

6. As regards late infection (2·2 per cent out of a total of 3·8 per cent), the various findings tend to exonerate cement as a cause.

7. The mechanical details of the technique became stabilised in the period 1959 to 1962 in the Teflon era, and with the exception of improved methods of reattachment of the greater trochanter, they are identical with our current practice in 1971.