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Technique guides are not considered high yield topics for orthopaedic standardized exams including ABOS, EBOT and RC.
A 61-year-old male presents to your office for evaluation of his right shoulder. He sustained the injury shown in Figure A three weeks ago after trying to catch himself as he fell off a dock. He was subsequently treated in the emergency department and discharged home. Which of the following provocative maneuvers indicates the most common associated pathology in this age cohort?
Drop arm test
Bear hug test
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A 24-year-old football player presents with recurrent shoulder instability. An arthroscopic labral repair in isolation without a bony procedure would result in a higher failure rate if performed for which of the following imaging studies?
A 17-year-old basketball player presents to your office with persistent shoulder soreness following a fall during a game 2 months ago. Immediately following this incident, a teammate manipulated the shoulder, which resolved his pain and allowed him to finish the game. His current radiograph is shown in Figure A. Based on his MRI shown in Figure B, what structure is torn, what is the eponym for this lesion, and at what position does it most contribute to stability?
Anterior-inferior labrum, Bankart lesion, external rotation with shoulder abducted at 45°
Anterior-superior labrum, HAGL lesion, internal rotation with shoulder abducted at 90°
Posterior-inferior labrum, GLAD lesion, internal rotation with shoulder abducted at 45°
Anterior-inferior labrum, Bankart lesion, external rotation with shoulder abducted at 90°
Posterior-inferior labrum, ALPSA lesion, external rotation with shoulder abducted at 45°
A 20-year-old female presents with recurrent anterior shoulder instability. Imaging is obtained and demonstrates a bony Bankart lesion involving 40% of the glenoid. A Laterjet procedure is planned for the patient. Which of the nerves in Figure A is most at risk during the planned procedure?
A collegiate waterpolo player presents to your office for a second opinion. He has had 2 anterior dislocations of his throwing shoulder, both of which were able to be reduced on the pool deck. However, he feels the shoulder is still unstable and cannot return to play at his desired level. Which of the below factors places him at greatest risk for recurrent dislocation following isolated arthroscopic labral repair?
Instability of dominant arm
Overhead throwing athlete
Age under 25 years
Labral tear involving the biceps attachment
An inverted pear-shaped glenoid on arthroscopy
Figure A is a glenoid CT 3D reconstruction of a 26-year-old accountant who has recurrent shoulder instability. His first dislocation occurred after a fall while skiing. He has now sustained his third dislocation, which was reduced in the emergency department prior to being sent to your office. What is the most appropriate definitive treatment?
Immobilization in external rotation for 6 weeks
Arthroscopic bony Bankart repair
Arthroscopic Remplissage procedure
Glenoid augmentation using coracoid transfer
Glenoid augmentation using tricortical iliac crest graft
A 30-year-old man undergoes arthroscopic Bankart repair for recurrent anterior dislocation. He continues to experience instability postoperatively. Examination reveals a positive apprehension test. Radiographs of both shoulders are seen in Figure A. CT scan of his left shoulder is seen in Figure B. What is the best treatment option?
Humeral head bone augmentation
A 38-year-old former professional football player complains of longstanding left shoulder pain. He admits to multiple previous shoulder dislocations in the past which were treated conservatively with physical therapy. He now complains of symptoms of repetitive instability and a "catching" feeling whenever he abducts and externally rotates his arm. On physical exam he has a positive apprehension test and crepitus in the 90/90 position. A current MRI image of his shoulder is seen in Figure A. Which of the following surgical treatments is most appropriate to address his symptoms?
Superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) repair
Open approach for bone grafting of humeral defect with allograft
Open repair of humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesion
Arthroscopic Bankart repair and Remplissage procedure
A 22-year-old collegiate football player has immediate onset of left shoulder pain after a tackle. He reports a history of multiple subluxations in the past, but this is the first time he had to "pop" his shoulder back into place. On examination 3 days later, he has weakness in the deltoid. CT axial image is displayed in Figure A. Which of the following is the MOST appropriate next step in management.
Humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL lesion) stabilization and EMG/NCV studies
Immobilization in sling with external rotation and EMG/NCV studies
Anterior labral periosteal sleeve avulsion (ALPSA) stabilization
Bony Bankart lesion stabilization
Transfer of the infraspinatus tendon and greater tuberosity to the humeral head
A 24-year-old male gymnast is scheduled for arthroscopic repair of the right shoulder. His preoperative MRI is seen in Figure A and the initial arthroscopic examination as viewed from an anterior portal in the lateral decubitus position is demonstrated in Figure B. Based on these images, which of the following diagnoses is correct?
Partial articular sided thickness rotator cuff tear (PASTA)
Anterior labral periosteal sleeve avulsion (ALPSA)
Humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL)
Glenoid labral articular defect (GLAD)
Superior labral anterior posterior lesion (SLAP)
A 23-year-old man acutely dislocates his shoulder for the first time while kayaking. His shoulder MRI is shown in Figures A and B. He undergoes arthroscopic Bankart repair and re-dislocates his shoulder within 1 month after surgery. What other pathology, besides the Bankart lesion, is likely contributing to this patient's recurrent instability?
Superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) tear
Supraspinatus partial articular sided tendon avulsion (PASTA)
Engaging (>25%) Hill Sachs defect
A 25-year-old basketball player sustains an anterior shoulder dislocation during a game that is subsequently reduced with traction. A MRI will most likely show which of the following?
Humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligaments
Long head of the biceps tear
Superior labrum anterior to posterior tear
Anteroinferior labral tear
Which patient would be ideal for an open shoulder reduction and glenoid bone augmentation?
25-year-old with first time acute traumatic dislocation
78-year-old with a rotator cuff tear arthropathy with superior escape
24-year-old with chronic dislocation and large engaging Hill-Sachs lesion
30-year-old with an acute bony Bankart fracture-dislocation
27-year-old with a chronic anterior dislocation and inverted pear-shaped glenoid
The pathology seen in Figure A is most likely to result from trauma that occurred with the shoulder in which of the following positions?
Adduction, internal rotation
Adduction, external rotation
Abduction, external rotation
Extension, internal rotation
Axial traction in adduction
An 18-year-old football player sustains an anterior shoulder dislocation that is reduced on the field. When he presents to the office complaining of posterior pain, you suspect a Hill-Sachs defect. Which of the following is the best radiographic view for identifying a Hill-Sachs defect?
What is the most common neurologic problem associated with a simple shoulder dislocation?
A neurapraxic brachial plexus injury
A neurapraxic axillary nerve injury
A neurapraxic musculocutaneous nerve injury
A neurotmetic axillary nerve injury
An axonotmetic musculocutaneous nerve injury
A patient sustains the injury seen on the radiograph in Figure A. Which nerve is most likely to be injured?
Upper or lower subscapular
What factor has highest risk for recurrent instability following a traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation?
History of contralateral shoulder dislocation
Young age (<20-years-old) at time of dislocation
Dislocation of the dominant shoulder
Family history of shoulder instability