Stanozolol, commonly sold under the name Winstrol (oral) and Winstrol Depot (intramuscular), is a synthetic anabolic steroid derived from dihydrotestosterone. Anabolic steroids are a class of performance enhancing drug taken to increase muscle mass and strength, reduce recovery time, and decrease muscle catabolism. These substances mimic the effects of testosterone and dihydroxytestosterone causing increased protein synthesis. Anabolic steroids have a long list of physiologic side effects including hypertension, liver disease, changes in cholesterol, and gynecomastia. The most commom behavioral side effects are agression, hostility, and violence.
The article by Hartgens is a review discussing the side effects of anabolic androgenic steroids.
The review article by Blue presents a concise summary of prevalence, efficacy, adverse effects, and legality of anabolic steroids.
These may have a number of side effects, but aggression and hostility have not been shown to be common behavioral effects of these drugs.
1. Furosemide is the most commonly used banned diuretic in sports.
2. Erythropoietin stimulates increased red blood cell production and is used as a doping agent.
4. a-Ketoglutarate is a dietary supplement used by body builders that is claimed to improve athletic performance by removing excess ammonia from the body.
5. Propranolol is a Beta-blocker that athletes may use for its anxiety-reducing effects, resulting in steadier hands, an even heart rate and the increased ability to focus.
Hartgens F, Kuipers H. Effects of androgenic-anabolic steroids in athletes. Sports Med. 2004;34(8):513-54.
PMID:15248788 (Link to Abstract)
Blue JG, Lombardo JA. Steroids and steroid-like compounds. Clin Sports Med.1999 Jul;18(3):667-89, ix.
PMID:10410848 (Link to Abstract)