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A 44-year-old left-hand dominant carpenter experienced immediate left elbow pain after trying to stop a heavy object from falling two days ago. Figure A shows a clinical image of the patient upon presentation. Physical exam shows full strength with wrist flexion, wrist extension, and pronation, but notable weakness with supination of the forearm. Sensory exam shows no deficits in the forearm or hand. There is a negative milking maneuver test and a positive hook test. Radiographs are shown in Figure B. What is the next most appropriate step in management?
Sling use as needed for comfort and progressive physical therapy
Allograft reconstruction of the distal biceps tendon
Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction
Distal biceps tendon avulsion repair
Brachioradialis and ECRB avulsion repair
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A patient presents to your office for evaluation of arm pain. Upon evaluation, a diagnosis of rupture of the long head of the biceps tendon is made. Which of the following photographs would best corroborate this diagnosis?
A 28-year-old male sustains a distal biceps rupture while lifting a heavy table and elects to undergo surgical repair using a two-incision technique. What is the most likely neurologic deficit to occur as a complication of this surgical approach?
Intrinsic hand weakness
Numbness of the volar radial three and a half digits
Wrist extension weakness
Numbness to lateral aspect of volar forearm
Inability to flex thumb and index interphalangeal joints
A 40-year-old male was moving his furniture several days ago when he developed anterior forearm pain. On physical exam he is tender just distal to the antecubital fossa. He has decreased strength on supination and elbow flexion when compared to the contralateral side. His MRI is shown in Figures A and B. His injury typically occurs in what portion of the tendon’s distal insertion?
A 35-year-old carpenter has pain in the antecubital fossa that is worse with turning a screwdriver. He has undergone non-operative treatment for 6 months without relief. On physical examination his hook test is normal and there is pain and weakness with resisted supination. Radiographs are shown in Figures A-C. A MRI of the right elbow is shown in Figure D. The next most appropriate treatment is?
Exploration of the radial tunnel
Superficial radial neurectomy
Detachment and repair of the biceps tendon
Transfer of the biceps to the brachialis
EMG with nerve conduction study
What nerve is injured most commonly during the superficial dissection when repairing a distal biceps rupture through a single incision anterior approach?
Medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve
Lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve
Superficial radial nerve
Posterior interosseous nerve
A patient sustains a distal biceps brachii tendon rupture. If treated non-operatively, the greatest loss of strength would be seen with which activity?
Shoulder forward flexion
Shoulder internal rotation
A 42-year-old male has a suspected distal biceps rupture with a tendon that can be palpated but is painful during the hook test examination. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step?
Operative exploration of distal biceps tendon
Immobilization for three weeks followed by repeat physical examination
Early physical therapy with emphasis on ROM and strengthening