Updated: 9/28/2018

Pisiform Fracture

Topic
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Questions
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Evidence
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https://upload.orthobullets.com/topic/6112/images/pisiform fx.jpg
https://upload.orthobullets.com/topic/6112/images/carpal_fractures.jpg
https://upload.orthobullets.com/topic/6112/images/pisiform_fracture.jpg
https://upload.orthobullets.com/topic/6112/images/fracture.jpg
Introduction
  • A rare carpal fracture
  • Epidemiology
    • incidence
      • <1% of carpal fractures  
      • rare injury and often missed
  • Pathophysiology
    • mechanism of injury
      • usually occurs by direct impact against a hard surface
      • fall on outstretched hand 
  • Associated conditions
    • 50% occur as isolated injuries
    • 50% occur in association with other carpal fractures or distal radius fractures
Anatomy
  • Pisiform Bone
    • osteology
      • pea shaped, seasmoid bone
    • location 
      • most ulnar and palmar carpal bone in proximal row
      • located within the FCU tendon
    • function
      • contributes to the stability of the ulnar column by preventing triquetral subluxation
Presentation
  • Symptoms
    • ulnar sided wrist pain after a fall
    • grip weakness
  • Physical exam
    • inspection
      • hypothenar tenderness and swelling
      • rule out associated injury to other carpal bones and distal radius
Imaging
  • Radiographs 
    • recommended views
      • PA
      • lateral
      • ER oblique
      • carpal tunnel
      • best seen with ER oblique or carpal tunnel view
  • CT 
    • indications  
      • may be required to delineate fracture pattern and determine treatment plan
  • MRI
    • indications
      • suspected carpal fracture with negative radiographs
    • findings
      • may show bone marrow edema within the pisiform indicating fracture
Treatment
  • Nonoperative
    • early immobilization
      • indications
        • first line of treatment 
      • technique
        • short arm cast with 30 degrees of wrist flexion and ulnar deviation for 6-8 weeks
      • outcomes
        • most often go on to heal without posttraumatic osteoarthritis
  • Operative
    • pisiformectomy
      • indications
        • severely displaced and symptomatic fractures
        • painful nonunion 
      • outcomes
        • studies show a pisiformectomy is a reliable way to relieve this pain and does not impair wrist function
Complications
  • Malunion
  • Non-union
  • Chronic ulnar sided pain
  • Decreased grip strength
 

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Questions (2)

(OBQ07.102) A 28-year-old man fell while ice skating 6 months ago and has had ulnar-sided wrist pain ever since. The patient's lateral radiograph of the wrist is shown in Figure A and a CT scan is shown in Figure B. What is the most appropriate treatment? Review Topic

QID: 763
FIGURES:
1

Scapholunate ligament repair

2%

(42/2210)

2

Excision of the hook hamate

12%

(272/2210)

3

Excision of the pisiform

74%

(1633/2210)

4

Open reduction internal fixation of the hamate

3%

(71/2210)

5

Open reduction internal fixation of the pisiform

8%

(177/2210)

ML 3

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PREFERRED RESPONSE 3
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