4.0 of 19 Ratings
A 35-year-old mixed martial arts fighter and recreational cocaine user presents with symptoms concerning for hypothenar hammer syndrome (HHS). Significant ischemia is found on physical exam. Arteriography is shown in Figure A. What is the most appropriate next step in treatment?
Conservative treatment with cocaine abstinence
Conservative treatment with activity modifications and medical management with calcium channel blockers
Therapeutic endovascular fibrinolysis
Excision of involved segment and reconstruction with or without a vein graft
Medical management with coumadin for 6 months
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