Juxtafacet cysts are uncommon causes of radicular pain and are often associated with significant spinal degenerative disease. Previous studies have not focused on the outcome of patients who have undergone resection. Banning et al performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent lumbar juxtafacet cyst resection. Thirty-three lumbar juxtafacet cysts were resected from 29 patients. Cysts most commonly arose at the L4-L5 level (51%). Incidental durotomy was the most common surgical complication occurring in 3 cases (9%). Twenty patients (83%) reported improvement in pain, and 16 (67%) reported an improved level of function. All respondents reported some degree of improvement in their condition after surgery. They recommend surgical resection as the treatment of choice with low rates of complications, recurrences, and residual complaints.
Banning CS, Thorell WE, Leibrock LG. Patient outcome after resection of lumbar juxtafacet cysts. Spine. 2001 Apr 15;26(8):969-72.
PMID:11317123 (Link to Abstract)