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A 5-year-old patient presents to the orthopedic clinic with shoulder asymmetry and limited abduction. The patient's parents explain this deformity has been present since birth, and now the child is unable to reach overhead and participate in play. On examination, the left scapula is elevated with medial rotation of the inferior pole. Which of the following is the most common associated finding on further imaging?
Cervical spine abnormalities
Proximal humeral deficiency
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Which of the following conditions is characterized by failure of the scapula to migrate caudally during fetal development?
A 4-year-old boy with Klippel-Feil syndrome has elevation of the left scapula since birth. Spine radiographs shows no evidence of scoliosis. What shoulder motion is likely to be most limited?