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A 22-year-old college baseball pitcher reports the recent onset of anterior and posterosuperior shoulder pain in his throwing shoulder. Examination shows a 15-degree loss of internal rotation, tenderness over the coracoid, and a positive relocation test. Radiographs are normal, and an MRI scan without contrast shows no definitive lesions. A rehabilitation program is prescribed. Which of the following regimens should be initially employed?
Stretching the posterior capsule and pectoralis minor tendon
Stretching the posterior capsule and strengthening the subscapularis
Stretching the posterior capsule and using shoulder plyometrics
Stretching the anterior capsule and strengthening all components of the rotator cuff
Stretching the anterior capsule and improving pitching mechanics
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A 23-year-old professional pitcher complains of posterior shoulder pain. Physical exam is notable for scapular dyskinesis. No intra-articular pathology is found on shoulder MRI. Which of the following should be emphasized in the initial stages of rehabilitation?
Isometric shoulder exercises
Isokinetic shoulder exercises
Closed chain shoulder exercises
Coordination of scapular motion with trunk and hip movements
Axial loading shoulder exercises