There are several emerging treatments for patients with massive rotator cuff tears. Biologic tuberoplasty is still in its infancy but holds promise for improving pain and function by biologically covering a bare tuberosity with a dermal allograft to prevent bone-to-bone contact between the tuberosity and the undersurface of the acromion. Balloon arthroplasty is a technique of widespread interest, with the device recently gaining FDA approval. Anterior cable reconstruction uses the autologous long head of the biceps tendon to reconstruct the anterior cable of the rotator cuff. Tendon transfers, specifically lower trapezius tendon transfer, have now been established as a viable option especially in patients who want to regain active external rotation.

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