The results of total hip arthroplasty in a group of patients with ankylosing spondylitis are described. Ninety-five arthroplasties were performed in 56 men and 2 women whose average age at operation was 38.9 years (standard deviation [SD], 11.6; range, 19.2-78.8). They were followed for an average of 135.4 months (SD, 81.6; range, 24.4-331.2). We encountered 4 deep infections necessitating the removal of prostheses. Two of 3 dislocations were anterior dislocations. Nineteen arthroplasties were revised at an average of 162.0 months (SD, 49.6; range, 55.1-250.5) after the primary surgery; 9 of them had only the acetabular component revised because of aseptic loosening. Hyperextension of the hips is a common phenomenon that can lead to surgical error and predispose the prosthesis to anterior dislocation.





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