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PDF
1 29456903
Vetter M 2017
Winged Scapula: A Comprehensive Review of Surgical Treatment. Spine
E
  PDF
2 28989850
Liu G 2017
Why Does C5 Palsy Occur After Prophylactic Bilateral C4-5 Foraminotomy in Open-Door Cervical Laminoplasty? A Risk Factor Analysis. Spine
E
  PDF
3 23018805
Pearson A , SPINE 2012
Who should have surgery for spinal stenosis? Treatment effect predictors in SPORT. Spine
D
  PDF
4 21681140
Pearson A , SPINE 2012
Who should have surgery for an intervertebral disc herniation? Comparative effectiveness evidence from the spine patient outcomes research trial. Spine
L 3
D
  PDF
5 24659962
Scivoletto G 2014
Who is going to walk? A review of the factors influencing walking recovery after spinal cord injury. Spine
E
  PDF
6 16394912
Heffernan DS , JTACS 2005
What defines a distracting injury in cervical spine assessment? Spine
E
7 30128761
Pesenti S , ESPNJ 2018
What are the risk factors for surgical site infection after spinal fusion? A meta-analysis. Spine
E
8 8659941
Netterville JL 1996
Vocal fold paralysis following the anterior approach to the cervical spine. Spine
L 2
D
9 24335628
Hacker FM , SPINE 2013
Very late complications of cervical arthroplasty: results of 2 controlled randomized prospective studies from a single investigator site. Spine
E
  PDF
10 25281260
Savage JW , JAAOS 2014
Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty for the Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures. Spine
L 3
C
11 3978906
Thomasen E. , CORR 1985
Vertebral osteotomy for correction of kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis. Spine
L 3
D
12 10371229
Kado DM 1999
Vertebral fractures and mortality in older women: a prospective study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Spine
D
13 3206263
Scoles PV , SPINE 1988
Vertebral body and posterior element morphology: the normal spine in middle life. Spine
L 3
D
14 18504163
Peng CW , SPINEJ 2009
Vertebral artery injury in cervical spine surgery: anatomical considerations, management, and preventive measures. Spine
L 2
C
15 9525707
Wright NM , JNEURS 1998
Vertebral artery injury in C1-2 transarticular screw fixation: results of a survey of the AANS/CNS section on disorders of the spine and peripheral nerves. American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Spine
L 4
D
16 18379405
Neo M , SPINE 2008
Vertebral artery injury during cervical spine surgery: a survey of more than 5600 operations. Spine
E
17 23574813
Lebl DR , SPINE 2013
Vertebral artery injury associated with blunt cervical spine trauma: a multivariate regression analysis. Spine
L 5
C
18 20938397
Eskander MS , SPINE 2010
Vertebral artery anatomy: a review of two hundred fifty magnetic resonance imaging scans. Spine
L 4
C
19 20667247
Miyasaka K 2000
Vascular anatomy of the spinal cord and classification of spinal arteriovenous malformations. Spine
E
  PDF
20 3248964
Stonelake PS , JANAT 1988
Variation in vertebral levels of the vertebra prominens and sacral dimples in subjects with scoliosis. Spine
E
  PDF
21 26082508
Wargo KA 2015
Vancomycin Combined With Clindamycin for the Treatment of Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin-Structure Infections. Spine
E
22 2711240
Viikari-Juntura E , SPINE 1989
Validity of clinical tests in the diagnosis of root compression in cervical disc disease. Spine
L 1
D
23 25614149
Mehdian H , SPINEJ 2015
V-Y vertebral body osteotomy for the treatment of fixed sagittal plane spinal deformity. Spine
E
24 17607108
Chappuis JL 2007
Using intraoperative electrophysiologic monitoring as a diagnostic tool for determining levels to decompress in the cervical spine: a case report. Spine
E
25 24978120
Rush JK , JPO 2015
Use of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of spondylolysis. Spine
L 3
C
26 17108837
Spector LR , SPINE 2006
Use of computed tomography to predict failure of nonoperative treatment of unilateral facet fractures of the cervical spine. Spine
D
27 19077924
Campbell MJ , SPINE 2009
Use of cervical collar after single-level anterior cervical fusion with plate: is it necessary? Spine
L 2
D
28 18277874
Mok JM , SPINE 2008
Use of C-reactive protein after spinal surgery: comparison with erythrocyte sedimentation rate as predictor of early postoperative infectious complications. Spine
L 1
C
29 18827690
Rabinowitz RS , SPINE 2008
Urgent surgical decompression compared to methylprednisolone for the treatment of acute spinal cord injury: a randomized prospective study in beagle dogs. Spine
D
30 25063391
van Zyl N , JHS 2014
Upper limb reinnervation in C6 tetraplegia using a triple nerve transfer: case report. Spine
E
31 15089076
Jackson RS , JAAOS 2002
Upper cervical spine injuries. Spine
L 4
D
32 25344597
Bransford RJ , JAAOS 2014
Upper Cervical Spine Trauma. Spine
L 1
C
33 23417171
Resnick DK. , NEUROS 2013
Updated Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord Injury. Spine
E
34 32235169
Russo GS 2020
Update on Spinal Cord Injury Management. Spine
E
35 19752695
Brandenstein D , SPINE 2009
Unstable subaxial cervical spine injury with normal computed tomography and magnetic resonance initial imaging studies: a report of four cases and review of the literature. Spine
E
36 23806348
Steltzlen C 2013
Unstable odontoid fracture: surgical strategy in a 22-case series, and literature review. Spine
E
  PDF
37 14711947
Proctor TJ , JBJS 2004
Unremitting health-care-utilization outcomes of tertiary rehabilitation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders. Spine
L 4
D
38 17077740
Weinstein JN , SPINE 2006
United States' trends and regional variations in lumbar spine surgery: 1992-2003. Spine
E
  PDF
39 19276750
Lee SH , JTACS 2009
Unilateral lateral mass-facet fractures with rotational instability: new classification and a review of 39 cases treated conservatively and with single segment anterior fusion. Spine
L 2
C
  PDF
40 23544026
Dvorak M 2010
Unilateral facet dislocations: Is surgery really the preferred option? Spine
E
  PDF
41 12221349
Crawford NR , SPINE 2002
Unilateral cervical facet dislocation: injury mechanism and biomechanical consequences. Spine
E
42 12221349
Crawford NR , SPINE 2002
Unilateral cervical facet dislocation: injury mechanism and biomechanical consequences. Spine
E
43 8886963
Vandenabeele F , JANAT 1996
Ultrastructure of the human spinal arachnoid mater and dura mater. Spine
E
  PDF
44 24914033
Ghosh A 2014
Ultrasonography as a useful modality for documenting sacroiliitis in radiographically negative inflammatory back pain: a comparative evaluation with MRI. Spine
E
45 21217435
Schoenfeld AJ , SPINE 2011
Type II odontoid fractures of the cervical spine: do treatment type and medical comorbidities affect mortality in elderly patients? Spine
E
  PDF
46 25380538
Davis RJ , JNEURS 2015
Two-level total disc replacement with Mobi-C cervical artificial disc versus anterior discectomy and fusion: a prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter clinical trial with 4-year follow-up results. Spine
C
  PDF
47 20371784
Deyo RA , JAMA 2010
Trends, major medical complications, and charges associated with surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis in older adults. Spine
L 2
C
  PDF
48 26290091
Schwab F. , JBJS 2015
Treatment with or without an Orthosis is Equivalent for Thoracolumbar Burst Fracture without Neurologic Injury. Spine
E
49 22581189
Bach CM , ESPNJ 2013
Treatment strategies for severe C1C2 luxation due to congenital os odontoideum causing tetraplegia. Spine
E
  PDF
50 14501921
Puno RM , SPINE 2003
Treatment recommendations for idiopathic scoliosis: an assessment of the Lenke classification. Spine
E
51 17139218
Siebenga J , SPINE 2006
Treatment of traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures: a multicenter prospective randomized study of operative versus nonsurgical treatment. Spine
E
52 28409669
Urquhart JC 2017
Treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures: extended follow-up of a randomized clinical trial comparing orthosis versus no orthosis. Spine
D
53 23417190
Gelb DE , NEUROS 2013
Treatment of subaxial cervical spinal injuries. Spine
D
54 12431300
Hadley MN , NEUROS 2002
Treatment of subaxial cervical spinal injuries. Spine
E
55 12431300
Hadley MN , NEUROS 2002
Treatment of subaxial cervical spinal injuries. Spine
E
56 23417190
Gelb DE , NEUROS 2013
Treatment of subaxial cervical spinal injuries. Spine
D
57 1277690
Wiltse LL , CORR 1976
Treatment of spondylolisthesis and spondylolysis in children. Spine
L 2
D
58 24025014
Mathews M , ORTHO 2013
Treatment of spinal fractures in ankylosing spondylitis. Spine
D
59 16508556
Poussa M , SPINE 2006
Treatment of severe spondylolisthesis in adolescence with reduction or fusion in situ: long-term clinical, radiologic, and functional outcome. Spine
E
60 3282205
Kostuik JP. 1988
Treatment of scoliosis in the adult thoracolumbar spine with special reference to fusion to the sacrum. Spine
E
61 7024283
Eismont FJ , JBJS 1981
Treatment of dural tears associated with spinal surgery. Spine
E
62 22425889
Wang F 2013
Treatment of complete fracture-dislocation of thoracolumbar spine. Spine
E
63 15305843
Rahimi SY 2003
Treatment of atlantoaxial instability in pediatric patients. Spine
D
64 16517386
Carreon L , SPINEJ 2006
Treatment of anterior cervical pseudoarthrosis: posterior fusion versus anterior revision. Spine
L 4
D
  PDF
65 31154696
Gembruch O 2019
Treatment of Odontoid Type II Fractures in Octogenarians: Balancing Two Different Treatment Strategies. Spine
E
  PDF
66 32811508
Liu Y 2020
Treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis secondary to ligamentum flavum hypertrophy using percutaneous endoscopy through interlaminar approach: a retrospective study. Spine
E
67 23032595
Konieczny MR , JBJS 2012
Treatment algorithm for dens fractures: non-halo immobilization, anterior screw fixation, or posterior transarticular C1-C2 fixation. Spine
E
68 27240286
Kim C , Can J Surg 2016
Traumatic spinal injuries in children at a single level 1 pediatric trauma centre: report of a 23-year experience. Spine
E
  PDF
69 7466456
Epstein N , SPINE 1980
Traumatic myelopathy in patients with cervical spinal stenosis without fracture or dislocation: methods of diagnosis, management, and prognosis. Spine
L 2
D
70 15680638
Yamazaki T 2005
Traumatic central cord syndrome: analysis of factors affecting the outcome. Spine
E
71 26225285
Schleicher P 2015
Traumatic Spondylolisthesis of the Axis Vertebra in Adults. Spine
E
  PDF
72 22837997
Raizman NM , AJO 2012
Traumatic C4-C5 unilateral facet dislocation with posterior disc herniation above a prior anterior fusion. Spine
E
73 18600142
Sasso RC 2008
Transvertebral Transsacral strut grafting for high-grade isthmic spondylolisthesis L5-S1 with fibular allograft. Spine
E
74 8171365
Currier BL , SPINE 1994
Transthoracic disc excision and fusion for herniated thoracic discs. Spine
L 3
D
75 1523515
King AG , SPINE 1992
Transpedicular convex anterior hemiepiphysiodesis and posterior arthrodesis for progressive congenital scoliosis. Spine
L 3
D
76 16835737
Anderberg L , ESPNJ 2007
Transforaminal steroid injections for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy: a prospective and randomised study. Spine
E
  PDF
77 23354111
Crandall DG , SPINE 2013
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with rhBMP-2 in spinal deformity, spondylolisthesis, and degenerative disease--part 2: BMP dosage-related complications and long-term outcomes in 509 patients. Spine
E
78 23646277
Moatz B 2013
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and posterior lumbar interbody fusion utilizing BMP-2 in treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis: neither safe nor cost effective. Spine
E
  PDF
79 23584162
Høy K , ESPNJ 2013
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) versus posterolateral instrumented fusion (PLF) in degenerative lumbar disorders: a randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up. Spine
E
  PDF
80 15252097
Teboul F , JBJS 2004
Transfer of fascicles from the ulnar nerve to the nerve to the biceps in the treatment of upper brachial plexus palsy. Spine
L 4
D
81 18843638
Khadilkar A , COCHD 2008
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) versus placebo for chronic low-back pain. Spine
E
  PDF
82 16932095
Reilly CW , JPO 2006
Transarticular screws in the management of C1-C2 instability in children. Spine
L 5
C
  PDF
83 21214318
Dakwar E 2011
Trajectory of the main sensory and motor branches of the lumbar plexus outside the psoas muscle related to the lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach. Spine
E
84 9160463
Kang JD , SPINE 1997
Toward a biochemical understanding of human intervertebral disc degeneration and herniation. Contributions of nitric oxide, interleukins, prostaglandin E2, and matrix metalloproteinases. Spine
L 2
D
85 11568191
Parvizi J , JBJS 2001
Total knee arthroplasty in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Spine
E
86 24563973
McMahon SE , ACTAB 2013
Total joint arthroplasty following intra-articular steroid injection: a literature review. Spine
E
87 28583869
Furunes H , SPINEJ 2017
Total disc replacement versus multidisciplinary rehabilitation in patients with chronic low back pain and degenerative discs: 8-year follow-up of a randomized controlled multicenter trial. Spine
E
88 22996268
Jacobs WC , SPINE 2013
Total disc replacement for chronic discogenic low back pain: a Cochrane review. Spine
E
89 8682831
Williams CR , BJJ 1996
Torticollis secondary to ocular pathology. Spine
E
90 24240024
Chau AM 2014
Timing of surgical intervention in cauda equina syndrome: a systematic critical review. Spine
E
91 29572739
Ter Wengel PV , ESPNJ 2018
Timing of surgery in traumatic spinal cord injury: a national, multidisciplinary survey. Spine
E
92 18377315
DeLong WB 2008
Timing of surgery in cauda equina syndrome with urinary retention: meta-analysis of observational studies. Spine
E
93 15167669
Kohles SS , SPINE 2004
Time-dependent surgical outcomes following cauda equina syndrome diagnosis: comments on a meta-analysis. Spine
E
94 18344861
Piasecki DP , SPINE 2008
Thromboembolic disease after combined anterior/posterior reconstruction for adult spinal deformity: a prospective cohort study using magnetic resonance venography. Spine
L 4
D
95 20555116
Lee JH 2010
Three-dimensional gait analysis of patients with weakness of ankle dorsiflexor as a result of unilateral L5 radiculopathy. Spine
E
96 20118323
Patel AA , JAAOS 2010
Thoracolumbar spine trauma classification. Spine
L 3
C
  PDF
97 16307197
Lee JY 2005
Thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score: a new paradigm for the treatment of thoracolumbar spine trauma. Spine
E
  PDF
98 18612000
Whang PG , JAAOS 2008
Thoracolumbar fractures: anterior decompression and interbody fusion. Spine
E
99 28507775
Vilà-Canet G , EFORT 2016
Thoracolumbar fractures without neurological impairment: A review of diagnosis and treatment. Spine
C
  PDF
100 17989420
Whang PG , JAAOS 2007
Thoracolumbar fracture: posterior instrumentation using distraction and ligamentotaxis reduction. Spine
E
101 14565757
Kirkpatrick JS. , JAAOS 2003
Thoracolumbar fracture management: anterior approach. Spine
D
102 18007259
Kuhns CA , SPINE 2007
Thoracolumbar deformity arthrodesis stopping at L5: fate of the L5-S1 disc, minimum 5-year follow-up. Spine
L 3
D
  PDF
103 20806752
Alpantaki K , ORTHO 2010
Thoracolumbar burst fractures: a systematic review of management. Spine
E
104 8367783
Mumford J , SPINE 1993
Thoracolumbar burst fractures. The clinical efficacy and outcome of nonoperative management. Spine
L 2
D
105 10790673
Spivak JM , JAAOS 1995
Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma: I. Evaluation and Classification. Spine
E
106 34228696
Hughes H , SPINE 2021
Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Posterior-Only Instrumentation Versus Combined Anterior-Posterior Instrumentation. Spine
E
107 34228696
Hughes H , SPINE 2021
Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Comparing Posterior-Only Instrumentation Versus Combined Anterior-Posterior Instrumentation. Spine
E
108 2657681
Hanley EN Jr , ORTHO 1989
Thoracic spine fractures. Spine
E
109 3173662
Blumenkopf B. , NEUROS 1988
Thoracic intervertebral disc herniations: diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging. Spine
L 2
D
110 10457574
Wood KB , SPINE 1999
Thoracic discography in healthy individuals. A controlled prospective study of magnetic resonance imaging and discography in asymptomatic and symptomatic individuals. Spine
E
111 22700890
Gertzbein SD , AJSM 2012
Thoracic and lumbar fractures associated with skiing and snowboarding injuries according to the AO Comprehensive Classification. Spine
E
112 20613642
Badra MI , JPOBR 2010
Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: selection of fusion level. Spine
E
113 30535765
Benditz A 2019
[Therapy-resistant coccygodynia should no longer be considered a myth : The surgical approach]. Spine
E
114 25274788
Protopsaltis T , JBJS 2014
TheT1 pelvic angle, a novel radiographic measure of global sagittal deformity, accounts for both spinal inclination and pelvic tilt and correlates with health-related quality of life. Spine
E
115 23961282
Ghasemi M 2013
The value of provocative tests in diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy. Spine
E
116 22491556
Khanna P 2012
The value of cervical magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of the obtunded or comatose patient with cervical trauma, no other abnormal neurological findings, and a normal cervical computed tomography. Spine
E
117 7839158
Otterness IG. 1994
The value of C-reactive protein measurement in rheumatoid arthritis. Spine
E
118 31005925
Beynon R 2019
The utility of diagnostic selective nerve root blocks in the management of patients with lumbar radiculopathy: a systematic review. Spine
D
  PDF
119 17426294
Young IA , JAAOS 2007
The use of lumbar epidural/transforaminal steroids for managing spinal disease. Spine
L 2
D
120 22957753
Sribnick EA 2012
The use of inside-outside screws for occipitocervical fusion in pediatric patients. Spine
E
121 34119278
Moscolo F 2021
The use of Grauer classification in the management of type II odontoid fracture in elderly: Prognostic factors and outcome analysis in a single centre patient series. Spine
E
122 23381737
Papavero L 2013
The translaminar approach for cranially extruded lumbar disc herniations. Spine
E
123 16685233
Fehlings MG , SPINE 2006
The timing of surgical intervention in the treatment of spinal cord injury: a systematic review of recent clinical evidence. Spine
D
124 19342930
Grauer JN 2009
The timing and influence of MRI on the management of patients with cervical facet dislocations remains highly variable: a survey of members of the Spine Trauma Study Group. Spine
D
125 1620533
Heller JG. 1992
The syndromes of degenerative cervical disease. Spine
L 1
D
126 13222164
SCHNEIDER RC , JNEURS 1954
The syndrome of acute central cervical spinal cord injury; with special reference to the mechanisms involved in hyperextension injuries of cervical spine. Spine
E
127 3955995
Matthiass HH , CORR 1986
The surgical reduction of spondylolisthesis. Spine
E
128 25628756
Evaniew N1 2015
The surgical management of scoliosis: a scoping review of the literature. Spine
E
  PDF
129 17632401
Martin CR , SPINE 2007
The surgical management of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: a systematic review. Spine
E
130 17978665
Dvorak MF , SPINE 2007
The surgical approach to subaxial cervical spine injuries: an evidence-based algorithm based on the SLIC classification system. Spine
E
131 17906580
Vaccaro AR1 , SPINE 2007
The subaxial cervical spine injury classification system: a novel approach to recognize the importance of morphology, neurology, and integrity of the disco-ligamentous complex. Spine
L 3
C
132 16736203
Roughley PJ , ESPNJ 2006
The structure and degradation of aggrecan in human intervertebral disc. Spine
E
  PDF
133 22661563
Schouten R , JAAOS 2012
The spine-injured patient: initial assessment and emergency treatment. Spine
L 1
C
134 7302677
Davidson RI , SPINE 1981
The shoulder abduction test in the diagnosis of radicular pain in cervical extradural compressive monoradiculopathies. Spine
L 2
D
135 23972592
Abraira VE 2013
The sensory neurons of touch. Spine
E
  PDF
136 9876790
Kwek TK 1998
The role of preoperative cervical spine X-rays in rheumatoid arthritis. Spine
E
137 22655480
Treglia G 2012
The role of nuclear medicine in the diagnosis of spondylodiscitis. Spine
E
138 21416282
Girardo M , ESPNJ 2011
The role of melatonin in the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Spine
E
  PDF
139 8130395
Bridwell KH , JSDT 1993
The role of fusion and instrumentation in the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis. Spine
E
140 16843031
Robinson HS 2007
The reliability of selected motion- and pain provocation tests for the sacroiliac joint. Spine
E
141 24284143
Nadeau M 2013
The reliability of differentiating neurogenic claudication from vascular claudication based on symptomatic presentation. Spine
E
  PDF
142 12544935
Bergström EM , SPINE 2003
The relation of thoracic and lumbar fracture configuration to the development of late deformity in childhood spinal cord injury. Spine
E
143 8784706
Ballock RT , JPO 1996
The prevalence of nonmuscular causes of torticollis in children. Spine
E
144 19441994
Jagannathan J , JNEURS 2009
The posterior cervical foraminotomy in the treatment of cervical disc/osteophyte disease: a single-surgeon experience with a minimum of 5 years' clinical and radiographic follow-up. Spine
L 3
D
145 4574067
Wiltse LL. , CORR 1973
The paraspinal sacrospinalis-splitting approach to the lumbar spine. Spine
L 4
D
  PDF
146 2071616
Katz JN , JBJS 1991
The outcome of decompressive laminectomy for degenerative lumbar stenosis. Spine
L 4
D
147 11327205
Pal GP , JANAT 2001
The orientation of the articular facets of the zygapophyseal joints at the cervical and upper thoracic region. Spine
L 3
D
  PDF
148 22941218
Huybregts JG , ESPNJ 2013
The optimal treatment of type II and III odontoid fractures in the elderly: a systematic review. Spine
E
  PDF
149 2218716
Saal JA , SPINE 1990
The natural history of lumbar intervertebral disc extrusions treated nonoperatively. Spine
L 1
D
150 7130226
McMaster MJ , JBJS 1982
The natural history of congenital scoliosis. A study of two hundred and fifty-one patients. Spine
E
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