Search Evidence

Wla
All
All (none selected)
WLA 2019
WLA 2020
WLA 2021
Filters:
Spine
# PMID Evidence Tag
Evidence
Subspecialty
Complexity
Importance
PDF
1 29432394
Srikandarajah N , SPINE 2018
Outcomes Reported After Surgery for Cauda Equina Syndrome: A Systematic Literature Review. Spine
E
  PDF
2 28473948
Schiedo RM 2017
Purely Ligamentous Flexion-Distraction Injury in a Five-Year-Old Child Treated with Surgical Management. Spine
E
  PDF
3 16567789
Lee DY , BJJ 2006
The influence of facet tropism on herniation of the lumbar disc in adolescents and adults. Spine
E
  PDF
4 32534204
Cherqaoui B 2020
Epigenetics of spondyloarthritis. Spine
E
5 31261133
Reid PC 2019
State of the union: a review of lumbar fusion indications and techniques for degenerative spine disease. Spine
E
6 10625014
Waters JH 2000
Cell salvage in the Jehovah's Witness patient. Spine
E
7 31607071
Zileli M 2019
Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Natural Course and the Value of Diagnostic Techniques -WFNS Spine Committee Recommendations. Spine
E
  PDF
8 23633885
Puentedura EJ 2012
Safety of cervical spine manipulation: are adverse events preventable and are manipulations being performed appropriately? A review of 134 case reports. Spine
E
  PDF
9 24041916
Haig AJ , SPINEJ 2013
Reliability of the clinical examination in the diagnosis of neurogenic versus vascular claudication. Spine
E
  PDF
10 12431286
. , NEUROS 2002
Initial closed reduction of cervical spine fracture-dislocation injuries. Spine
D
11 8816657
Grover J , JBJS 1996
The effect of a flexion contracture of the elbow on the ability to transfer in patients who have quadriplegia at the sixth cervical level. Spine
E
12 15287360
Groves C 2004
[Imaging of bacterial infections of the sacroiliac joint]. Spine
E
13 26236116
Agrawal R 2015
Clinical and haematological predictors of acute hematogenous Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) osteomyelitis & septic arthritis. Spine
E
  PDF
14 26579963
Sakai K , SPINE 2016
Cervical Sagittal Imbalance is a Predictor of Kyphotic Deformity After Laminoplasty in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Patients Without Preoperative Kyphotic Alignment. Spine
E
15 18774751
Murrey D , SPINEJ 2009
Results of the prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption study of the ProDisc-C total disc replacement versus anterior discectomy and fusion for the treatment of 1-level symptomatic cervical disc disease. Spine
D
16 26225285
Schleicher P 2015
Traumatic Spondylolisthesis of the Axis Vertebra in Adults. Spine
E
  PDF
17 10472099
Sweet FA , SPINE 1999
Maintaining lumbar lordosis with anterior single solid-rod instrumentation in thoracolumbar and lumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine
E
18 26974834
Hosseini P , SPINE 2016
Magnetically-Controlled Growing Rods for Early Onset Scoliosis: A Multicenter Study of 23 Cases with Minimum 2 Years Follow-Up. Spine
E
19 24768732
Fardon DF , SPINEJ 2014
Lumbar disc nomenclature: version 2.0: Recommendations of the combined task forces of the North American Spine Society, the American Society of Spine Radiology and the American Society of Neuroradiology. Spine
E
20 28811985
Lee NJ 2017
Incidence, Impact, and Risk Factors for 30-Day Wound Complications Following Elective Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery. Spine
E
  PDF
21 24659962
Scivoletto G 2014
Who is going to walk? A review of the factors influencing walking recovery after spinal cord injury. Spine
E
  PDF
22 24150437
Perez-Cruet MJ , SPINE 2014
Quality-of-life outcomes with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion based on long-term analysis of 304 consecutive patients. Spine
E
  PDF
23 25187860
Moon MS 2014
Surgery-related complications and sequelae in management of tuberculosis of spine. Spine
E
  PDF
24 9657541
Farmer J , JSDT 1998
Neurologic deterioration after cervical spinal cord injury. Spine
E
25 16540869
Carragee EJ , SPINE 2006
A prospective controlled study of limited versus subtotal posterior discectomy: short-term outcomes in patients with herniated lumbar intervertebral discs and large posterior anular defect. Spine
E
26 27471900
Protopsaltis TS , JAAOS 2016
Management of Spinal Deformity in Adult Patients With Neuromuscular Disease. Spine
E
27 26409623
Bell SW 2017
Refinement of myotome values in the upper limb: Evidence from brachial plexus injuries. Spine
E
28 21139777
Heary RF , INDJO 2007
Decision-making in burst fractures of the thoracolumbar and lumbar spine. Spine
E
29 24829874
Puvanesarajah V 2014
Techniques and accuracy of thoracolumbar pedicle screw placement. Spine
E
  PDF
30 31663281
Yang G 2019
The Influence of Pelvic Tilt on the Anteversion Angle of the Acetabular Prosthesis. Spine
E
  PDF
31 7839158
Otterness IG. 1994
The value of C-reactive protein measurement in rheumatoid arthritis. Spine
E
32 1456851
Shmerling RH 1992
How useful is the rheumatoid factor? An analysis of sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value. Spine
E
33 23778368
Corenman DS , SPINE 2013
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2-augmented transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of chronic low back pain secondary to the homogeneous diagnosis of discogenic pain syndrome: two-year outcomes. Spine
E
34 22386957
Dipaola CP , SPINEJ 2012
Postoperative infection treatment score for the spine (PITSS): construction and validation of a predictive model to define need for single versus multiple irrigation and debridement for spinal surgical site infection. Spine
E
35 17334296
Bono CM , SPINE 2007
Measurement techniques for upper cervical spine injuries: consensus statement of the Spine Trauma Study Group. Spine
E
36 21152330
Lammy S. 2009
Anatomical course demarcating the safe area for the superior gluteal nerve. Spine
E
  PDF
37 24088964
Chen AT , JBJS 2013
Impact of nonoperative treatment, vertebroplasty, and kyphoplasty on survival and morbidity after vertebral compression fracture in the medicare population. Spine
E
38 17021418
Schweitzer KM Jr 2006
Confusion regarding mechanisms of injury in the setting of thoracolumbar spinal trauma: a survey of The Spine Trauma Study Group (STSG). Spine
E
39 3588931
Teresi LM 1987
Asymptomatic degenerative disk disease and spondylosis of the cervical spine: MR imaging. Spine
E
40 23657673
Pilge H , INTORT 2013
A novel technique to treat Grisel's syndrome: results of a simplified, therapeutical algorithm. Spine
E
  PDF
41 25459260
Pan J 2014
Occipitocervical fusion: fix to C2 or C3? Spine
D
42 8367784
Cantor JB , SPINE 1993
Nonoperative management of stable thoracolumbar burst fractures with early ambulation and bracing. Spine
E
43 31607105
Stampas A 2019
Feasibility of Self-administered Neuromodulation for Neurogenic Bladder in Spinal Cord Injury. Spine
E
  PDF
44 25365713
McGuire KJ , SPINE 2014
The effect of high obesity on outcomes of treatment for lumbar spinal conditions: subgroup analysis of the spine patient outcomes research trial. Spine
E
  PDF
45 26358200
Lewkonia P 2016
Incidence and risk of delayed surgical site infection following instrumented lumbar spine fusion. Spine
E
46 16094267
Cheng MT , SPINE 2005
Efficacy of dilute betadine solution irrigation in the prevention of postoperative infection of spinal surgery. Spine
E
47 28699136
Mirzashahi B 2018
Intrawound application of vancomycin changes the responsible germ in elective spine surgery without significant effect on the rate of infection: a randomized prospective study. Spine
E
48 25448204
Demircay E 2014
Spinal nerve root compositions of musculocutaneous nerve: an anatomical study. Spine
E
49 20613642
Badra MI , JPOBR 2010
Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: selection of fusion level. Spine
E
50 26943841
Ohtaki S , JNEURS 2016
The influence of depth of anesthesia on motor evoked potential response during awake craniotomy. Spine
E
51 12477988
Sloan TB 2002
Anesthesia for intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring of the spinal cord. Spine
E
52 6211214
Waddell G 1982
Normality and reliability in the clinical assessment of backache. Spine
E
  PDF
53 20462991
Chai JW 2010
Radiologic diagnosis of osteoid osteoma: from simple to challenging findings. Spine
E
54 23381737
Papavero L 2013
The translaminar approach for cranially extruded lumbar disc herniations. Spine
E
55 27174086
Kazmers NH 2016
Prevention of pin site infection in external fixation: a review of the literature. Spine
E
  PDF
56 21412856
Hur MS 2011
Destination of the C4 component of the prefixed brachial plexus. Spine
E
57 17321961
Lee MJ , SPINEJ 2007
Risk factors for dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery: a two-year prospective cohort study. Spine
D
58 6792717
Hirabayashi K , SPINE 1981
Operative results and postoperative progression of ossification among patients with ossification of cervical posterior longitudinal ligament. Spine
L 4
D
59 21731081
Oyinbo CA. 2011
Secondary injury mechanisms in traumatic spinal cord injury: a nugget of this multiply cascade. Spine
E
60 12634572
Sengupta DK , SPINE 2002
Pelvic or lumbar fixation for the surgical management of scoliosis in duchenne muscular dystrophy. Spine
E
61 3654708
Harris IE , JBJS 1987
Long-term follow-up of patients with grade-III and IV spondylolisthesis. Treatment with and without posterior fusion. Spine
E
62 15087810
Ishii T , SPINE 2004
Kinematics of the upper cervical spine in rotation: in vivo three-dimensional analysis. Spine
E
63 15948478
Lenke LG. 2005
Lenke classification system of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: treatment recommendations. Spine
E
64 17047553
Khan MH , SPINE 2006
Postoperative management protocol for incidental dural tears during degenerative lumbar spine surgery: a review of 3,183 consecutive degenerative lumbar cases. Spine
E
65 9876790
Kwek TK 1998
The role of preoperative cervical spine X-rays in rheumatoid arthritis. Spine
E
66 20555116
Lee JH 2010
Three-dimensional gait analysis of patients with weakness of ankle dorsiflexor as a result of unilateral L5 radiculopathy. Spine
E
67 17050520
Yoshioka K 2006
MR angiography and CT angiography of the artery of Adamkiewicz: state of the art. Spine
E
68 19372358
Teoh DA 2009
Surface anatomy as a guide to vertebral level for thoracic epidural placement. Spine
E
69 12698114
Chadha M , SPINE 2003
Pedicle morphology of the lower thoracic, lumbar, and S1 vertebrae: an Indian perspective. Spine
E
70 22012528
Rihn JA , JBJS 2011
Duration of symptoms resulting from lumbar disc herniation: effect on treatment outcomes: analysis of the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT). Spine
E
  PDF
71 22350009
Makino T , ESPNJ 2012
Analysis of lumbar pedicle morphology in degenerative spines using multiplanar reconstruction computed tomography: what can be the reliable index for optimal pedicle screw diameter? Spine
E
  PDF
72 1553586
Denis F , SPINE 1992
Shear fracture-dislocations of the thoracic and lumbar spine associated with forceful hyperextension (lumberjack paraplegia). Spine
E
73 18591373
Meek RM 2008
Late dislocation after total hip arthroplasty. Spine
E
  PDF
74 15624519
Koivikko MP 2004
Multidetector computed tomography of cervical spine fractures in ankylosing spondylitis. Spine
E
75 21847747
Weber U , SRAD 2011
The impact of MRI on the clinical management of inflammatory arthritides. Spine
E
76 20007621
Sheehan NJ. , ANRD 2010
Magnetic resonance imaging for low back pain: indications and limitations. Spine
E
77 15202876
Thongtrangan I 2004
Cauda equina syndrome in patients with low lumbar fractures. Spine
E
78 21057122
Kim H 2010
Scoliosis imaging: what radiologists should know. Spine
E
  PDF
79 7742437
Torda AJ 1995
Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis: analysis of 20 cases and review. Spine
E
80 10528385
Hodges SD , SPINE 1999
Management of incidental durotomy without mandatory bed rest. A retrospective review of 20 cases. Spine
E
81 17414982
Kotil K 2007
A minimally invasive transmuscular approach to far-lateral L5-S1 level disc herniations: a prospective study. Spine
E
82 17109175
Reinhold M 2006
[Reduction of traumatic dislocations and facet fracture-dislocations in the lower cervical spine]. Spine
E
83 23250515
Quraishi NA , ESPNJ 2013
Access related complications in anterior lumbar surgery performed by spinal surgeons. Spine
E
  PDF
84 21911538
Alpantaki K , BJJ 2011
Herpes virus infection can cause intervertebral disc degeneration: a causal relationship? Spine
E
85 8190952
Smoker WR. 1994
Craniovertebral junction: normal anatomy, craniometry, and congenital anomalies. Spine
E
86 21433841
Chamberlain WE. 1939
Basilar Impression (Platybasia): A Bizarre Developmental Anomaly of the Occipital Bone and Upper Cervical Spine with Striking and Misleading Neurologic Manifestations. Spine
E
  PDF
87 21519928
Kadaňka Z , ESPNJ 2011
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: conservative versus surgical treatment after 10 years. Spine
E
  PDF
88 16888547
Bruneau M , NEUROS 2006
Anatomical variations of the V2 segment of the vertebral artery. Spine
E
89 23373567
Blumenthal C 2013
Radiographic predictors of delayed instability following decompression without fusion for degenerative grade I lumbar spondylolisthesis. Spine
E
90 22491556
Khanna P 2012
The value of cervical magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of the obtunded or comatose patient with cervical trauma, no other abnormal neurological findings, and a normal cervical computed tomography. Spine
E
91 3282205
Kostuik JP. 1988
Treatment of scoliosis in the adult thoracolumbar spine with special reference to fusion to the sacrum. Spine
E
92 1523506
McCord DH , SPINE 1992
Biomechanical analysis of lumbosacral fixation. Spine
E
93 8130395
Bridwell KH , JSDT 1993
The role of fusion and instrumentation in the treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis. Spine
E
94 15767885
Hammerberg KW , SPINE 2005
New concepts on the pathogenesis and classification of spondylolisthesis. Spine
E
95 8272942
Starr JK , SPINE 1993
Atypical hangman's fractures. Spine
E
96 26280716
Akgül T , ACTAB 2014
Growing rod instrumentation in the treatment of early onset scoliosis. Spine
E
97 13385269
BROWN T , JBJS 1957
The immobilizing efficiency of back braces; their effect on the posture and motion of the lumbosacral spine. Spine
L 4
D
98 19345614
Yeom JS , SPINEJ 2009
Lateral fluoroscopic guide to prevent occipitocervical and atlantoaxial joint violation during C1 lateral mass screw placement. Spine
E
99 23602376
Lee DH , SPINEJ 2013
Anterior cervical plating technique to prevent adjacent-level ossification development. Spine
E
100 8855455
Zipnick RI , SPINE 1996
Occipital morphology. An anatomic guide to internal fixation. Spine
E
101 22050256
Sasso RC , ORTHO 2011
Results of cervical arthroplasty compared with anterior discectomy and fusion: four-year clinical outcomes in a prospective, randomized controlled trial. Spine
E
  PDF
102 23425756
Kharbanda AB 2013
Analysis of radiation exposure among pediatric trauma patients at national trauma centers. Spine
E
103 27790393
Green BN 2016
Association Between Smoking and Back Pain in a Cross-Section of Adult Americans. Spine
E
  PDF
104 25883095
Cohen SP , BMJ 2015
Epidural steroid injections compared with gabapentin for lumbosacral radicular pain: multicenter randomized double blind comparative efficacy study. Spine
E
105 24165696
Freeman BJ , SPINE 2013
Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, trial of transforaminal epidural etanercept for the treatment of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation. Spine
E
106 28350944
Overley SC , NEUROS 2017
Navigation and Robotics in Spinal Surgery: Where Are We Now? Spine
E
107 22975723
Hu X , ESPNJ 2013
Robotic-assisted pedicle screw placement: lessons learned from the first 102 patients. Spine
E
  PDF
108 25903942
Aleem IS , CORR 2016
Cochrane in CORR(®): Surgical Versus Non-surgical Treatment for Thoracolumbar Burst Fractures Without Neurological Deficit. Spine
E
  PDF
109 17989420
Whang PG , JAAOS 2007
Thoracolumbar fracture: posterior instrumentation using distraction and ligamentotaxis reduction. Spine
E
110 22330108
Kirshblum SC , JSCM 2011
International standards for neurological classification of spinal cord injury (revised 2011). Spine
E
  PDF
111 10616053
Ordonez BJ , JNEURS 2000
Cervical facet dislocation: techniques for ventral reduction and stabilization. Spine
E
112 8264879
Shapiro SA. , NEUROS 1993
Management of unilateral locked facet of the cervical spine. Spine
E
113 11497490
Albert TJ , JAAOS 1999
Surgical management of cervical radiculopathy. Spine
E
114 18552669
Harris TJ , SPINE 2008
Clearing the cervical spine in obtunded patients. Spine
C
115 21705553
Tsirikos AI , BJJ 2011
Scheuermann's kyphosis; current controversies. Spine
C
116 15570116
Tamir E 2004
Clinical presentation and anatomic position of L3-L4 disc herniation: a prospective and comparative study. Spine
L 5
D
117 31577679
Ishida W , JBJS 2019
Effects of Intraoperative Intrawound Antibiotic Administration on Spinal Fusion: A Comparison of Vancomycin and Tobramycin in a Rat Model. Spine
E
118 30535765
Benditz A 2019
[Therapy-resistant coccygodynia should no longer be considered a myth : The surgical approach]. Spine
E
119 29143113
Knipp D , SRAD 2018
Percutaneous CT-guided sacroiliac joint sampling for infection: aspiration, biopsy, and technique. Spine
E
120 28720990
Singh S 2017
Selective nerve root blocks vs. caudal epidural injection for single level prolapsed lumbar intervertebral disc - A prospective randomized study. Spine
E
  PDF
121 28419312
Parajón A , NEUROS 2017
Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Meta-analysis of the Fusion Rates. What is the Optimal Graft Material? Spine
E
122 32556628
Lvov I , ESPNJ 2020
The impact of odontoid screw fixation techniques on screw-related complications and fusion rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Spine
E
  PDF
123 17978665
Dvorak MF , SPINE 2007
The surgical approach to subaxial cervical spine injuries: an evidence-based algorithm based on the SLIC classification system. Spine
E
124 30285984
Koreckij TD , JAAOS 2019
Cervical Disk Arthroplasty. Spine
C
125 28538443
Kim M , SPINE 2017
Airway Management Protocol After Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: Analysis of the Results of Risk Factors Associated With Airway Complication. Spine
E
126 22382288
Asghar FA , JAAOS 2012
The impact of the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial (SPORT) results on orthopaedic practice. Spine
L 3
D
127 29423307
Previnaire JG. 2018
The importance of the bulbocavernosus reflex. Spine
E
  PDF
128 21434817
Saetia K 2011
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: a review. Spine
E
129 16850954
Einsiedel T , JNEURS 2006
Injuries of the cervical spine in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: experience at two trauma centers. Spine
L 2
D
130 24627325
Oosterhuis T , COCHD 2014
Rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery. Spine
E
  PDF
131 16967288
Jayakumar P , SRAD 2007
Symptomatic resolution of spinal osteoid osteoma with conservative management: imaging correlation. Spine
L 2
D
  PDF
132 24276230
Glotzbecker MP , JPO 2014
Efficacy of nonfusion treatment for subacute and chronic atlanto-axial rotatory fixation in children. Spine
C
133 15615508
Mikles MR , JAAOS 2004
Posterior instrumentation for thoracolumbar fractures. Spine
L 2
D
134 24108289
Fehlings MG , SPINE 2013
Anterior versus posterior surgical approaches to treat cervical spondylotic myelopathy: outcomes of the prospective multicenter AOSpine North America CSM study in 264 patients. Spine
L 5
C
135 19077924
Campbell MJ , SPINE 2009
Use of cervical collar after single-level anterior cervical fusion with plate: is it necessary? Spine
L 2
D
136 15347223
Deutsch H 2003
Postlaminectomy cervical deformity. Spine
L 5
D
  PDF
137 24097230
Liu X , ESPNJ 2014
Anterior corpectomy versus posterior laminoplasty for multilevel cervical myelopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Spine
L 4
D
  PDF
138 17828422
Kahraman S , ESPNJ 2007
Is dysphonia permanent or temporary after anterior cervical approach? Spine
L 2
D
  PDF
139 11979168
Sagi HC , SPINE 2002
Airway complications associated with surgery on the anterior cervical spine. Spine
L 4
D
140 9525707
Wright NM , JNEURS 1998
Vertebral artery injury in C1-2 transarticular screw fixation: results of a survey of the AANS/CNS section on disorders of the spine and peripheral nerves. American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Spine
L 4
D
141 16685237
Maak TG , SPINE 2006
The contemporary treatment of odontoid injuries. Spine
L 1
D
142 19057244
Smith HE 2008
Early complications of surgical versus conservative treatment of isolated type II odontoid fractures in octogenarians: a retrospective cohort study. Spine
L 2
D
143 17054237
Yi L , COCHD 2006
Operative versus non-operative treatment for thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological deficit. Spine
L 2
D
144 9797911
Schlaich C 1998
Reduced pulmonary function in patients with spinal osteoporotic fractures. Spine
D
145 16934715
Kim DH , SPINEJ 2006
Osteoporotic compression fractures of the spine; current options and considerations for treatment. Spine
L 4
D
  PDF
146 10870142
Hadjipavlou AG , SPINE 2000
Hematogenous pyogenic spinal infections and their surgical management. Spine
L 2
D
147 3558799
Szalay EA , JPO 1987
Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of childhood discitis. Spine
L 3
D
  PDF
148 17139212
Schwab F , SPINE 2006
Gravity line analysis in adult volunteers: age-related correlation with spinal parameters, pelvic parameters, and foot position. Spine
L 3
D
149 16985465
Kim YJ , SPINE 2006
Sagittal thoracic decompensation following long adult lumbar spinal instrumentation and fusion to L5 or S1: causes, prevalence, and risk factor analysis. Spine
L 2
D
150 16985461
Kim YJ , SPINE 2006
Pseudarthrosis in long adult spinal deformity instrumentation and fusion to the sacrum: prevalence and risk factor analysis of 144 cases. Spine
L 4
D
1388 matches found 1 2 ... 10