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Which of the following non-operative treatments for osteoarthritis has the best evidence to support its use?
Combination of supervised and home exercise programs
Hyaluronic acid injections
Lateral heel wedge
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Which of the following statements is true about racial disparities in total joint arthroplasty?
The rate of surgical intervention for African American males is lower than white or Hispanic males
The rate of surgical intervention for Hispanics is higher than that for whites
The rate of surgical intervention for white males is lower than for African American males
There is no difference in the rate of surgical intervention between whites, Hispanics, or African Americans
The rate of surgical intervention is equal for Hispanic and white males
According to the 2013 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' Guidelines for the treatment of symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee, which of the following treatments was recommended and strongly supported?
NSAIDs or tramadol
Glucosamine and/or chondroitin
Arthroscopic lavage and/or debridement
Which of the following treatment recommendations lacks Level 1 supporting evidence (Grade A Recommendation) according to the the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Guidelines for Treatment of Knee Arthritis (OA)?
Recommend patients be encouraged to participate in low-impact aerobic fitness exercises
Recommend against glucosamine and/or chondroitin sulfate or hydrochloride for patients with symptomatic OA of the knee
Recommend for arthroscopic partial meniscectomy as an option in patients with symptomatic OA of the knee who also have primary signs and symptoms of a torn meniscus
Recommend for weight loss in patients who are overweight (as defined by a BMI>25)
Recommend against performing arthroscopy with debridement or lavage in patients with a primary diagnosis of symptomatic OA of the knee
Which of the following is an example of an antalgic gait pattern not typically seen in clinical practice?
Patient's knee is maintained in slight flexion throughout the stance period for ipsilateral knee arthritis
Patient's contralateral step length is shortened with ipsilateral ankle arthritis
Patient leans their trunk laterally over the painful leg during stance phase with ipsilateral hip arthritis
Patient ambulates on their toes with an ipsilateral calcaneal stress fracture
Patient ambulates predominately through the heel for ipsilateral knee arthritis
According to the latest recommendations made by the AAOS in their clinical guidelines for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, which of the following nonoperative treatment modalities has the weakest supporting evidence for the treatment for knee osteoarthritis?
Intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections
Intra-articular corticosteroid injections