Proximal humerus fractures are common injuries that account for 10% of all fractures in the elderly. Several options are available for the management of proximal humerus fractures. Optimal treatment is based on the fracture pattern and the patient characteristics. Most of these fractures are minimally displaced and managed nonsurgically. Approximately 15% of proximal humerus fractures are comminuted, head-split, fracture-dislocation, or severely displaced, which make the best treatment option more challenging. Hemiarthroplasty is still a viable option in selected patients of these groups; however, advancements in locking plate designs and introduction of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty have led to better clinical outcome in meticulously selected patients. Nonetheless, the debate continues regarding the best management. It is important to discuss the best treatment options based on current literature.

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