There are many factors to consider when treating an Achilles tendon rupture in the acute and chronic/neglected settings. For acute rupture, operative and nonoperative management contribute to a good prognosis with low associated risks. Patient or injury characteristics can assist in the shared decision-making about treatment. In chronic rupture, MRI may help to determine rupture location, gap distance, and tissue material available for repair. Various surgical approaches are used for chronic rupture repair. Treatment of the Achilles tendon rupture generates many interesting and complex discussions on the optimal management.

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