BACKGROUND:
Glenoid bone loss in anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) remains a controversial and challenging clinical problem. Previous studies have shown high rates of glenoid loosening for aTSA in shoulders with retroversion, posterior bone loss, and posterior humeral head subluxation. This study is the first to present minimum 2-year follow-up data of an all-polyethylene, biconvex augmented anatomic glenoid component for correction of glenoid retroversion and posterior humeral head subluxation.

METHODS:
This study is a multicenter, retrospective review of prospectively collected data on consecutive patients from 7 global clinical sites. All patients underwent aTSA using the biconvex posterior augmented glenoid (PAG). Inclusion criteria were preoperative computed tomographic (CT) scan, minimum 2 years since surgery, preoperative and minimum 2-year postoperative range of motion examination, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Glenoid classification, glenoid retroversion, and posterior humeral head subluxation were measured from preoperative CT and radiography and postoperative radiography. Statistical comparisons between pre- and postoperative values were performed with a paired t test.

RESULTS:
Eighty-six of 110 consecutive patients during the study period (78% follow-up) met the inclusion criteria and were included in our analysis. Mean follow-up was 35 ± 10 months, with a mean age of 68 ± 8 years (range 48-85). Range of motion statistically improved in all planes from pre- to postoperation. Mean visual analog scale score improved from 5.2 preoperation to 0.7 postoperation, Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation score from 43.2 to 89.5, Constant score from 41.8 to 76.9, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form score from 49.8 to 86.7 (all P <  .0001). Mean glenoid retroversion improved from 19.3° to 7.4° (P <  .0001). Posterior subluxation improved from 69.1% to 53.5% and posterior decentering improved from 5.8% to -3.0% (P <  .0001). There was 1 patient with both a prosthetic joint infection and radiographic glenoid loosening that required revision. Seventy-nine of 86 patients had a Lazarus score of 0 (no radiolucency seen about peg or keel) at final follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:
This study shows that at minimum 2-year follow-up, a posterior-augmented all-polyethylene glenoid can correct glenoid retroversion and posterior humeral head subluxation. Clinically, there was significant improvement in both range of motion and PROMs.





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