The purpose of this study was to evaluate, via experimental models, the effect of larger head sizes for total hip arthroplasty on the type of impingement, range of motion (ROM), and joint stability. Testing was conducted using an anatomic full-size hip model (anatomic goniometer) and a novel anatomic dislocation simulator with 28-, 32-, 38-, and 44-mm diameter femoral heads within a 61-mm acetabular shell. Femoral heads >32-mm provided greater ROM and virtually complete elimination of component-to-component impingement. A significant increase in both flexion before dislocation and displacement between the femoral head and acetabulum to produce dislocation occurred with femoral heads >32-mm in diameter. These data indicate that larger femoral heads offer potential in providing greater hip ROM and joint stability.

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