Our aim in this retrospective study was to analyse the value of serial corrective casts in the management of toe-walking in children aged less than six years with cerebral palsy. A total of 20 children (10 hemiplegic and 10 diplegic) had elongation of the triceps surae by serial casting at a mean age of four years and one month. The mean passive dorsiflexion of the foot with the knee in extension was 3 degrees (-10 to +5) and 12 degrees (0 to +15) with the knee in flexion. After removal of the cast passive dorsiflexion was 20 degrees (+10 to +30) with the knee in extension, and 28 (+10 to +35) with the knee in flexion. At a mean follow-up of 3.08 years (2.08 to 4.92), passive dorsiflexion was 9 degrees (-10 to +20) with the knee in extension and 18 degrees (0 to +30) with the knee in flexion. Serial corrective casts are useful for the treatment of equinus in young children as the procedure is simple and the results are at least equal to those of other non-operative techniques. It is a safe alternative to surgical procedures especially in young children. If the equinus recurs operation can be undertaken on a tendon which is not scarred.

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