The authors reviewed 83 physeal and epiphyseal injuries of the distal tibia with intra-articular involvement. The children, aged 11 to 14 years, were treated in the authors' department during 1987 to 1999. Treatment was nonoperative for 72.25% (60/83) and surgical for 27.75% (23/83) according to specific indications. This gives the basis for a classification of these injuries. The main purpose of the study was to investigate the long-term results of these injuries according to a radiologic classification. The parameters considered were the patient's age, the mechanism of injury, and the possibility of growth deformities or functional disorders. They were studied relative to the long-term results, with a follow-up of 2 to 13 years. Regardless of treatment, varus deformity, ranging from 10 to 15 degrees in relation to the normal opposite leg, occurred in four cases. In only one case was there painful limitation of ankle joint movement; in two other children an overgrowth of the medial malleolus was detected, with no functional impairment.

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