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Which of the following injuries shown in Figures A-E is most commonly the result of child abuse?
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A 7-month-old girl cries when the mother touches her swollen left elbow. Figure A displays a series of radiographs. In Figure A, the images labeled A and B show the painful left elbow, while C and D are of the contralateral, non-injured elbow. What is the most appropriate treatment?
Open reduction and internal fixation
Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning
Closed reduction and casting
Closed reduction and hinged external fixation
A 10-month-old child fell off of the couch and has left elbow pain and swelling. A radiograph is shown in Figure A. All of the following are characteristics of this injury pattern EXCEPT:
High risk of tardy ulnar nerve palsy
High association with child abuse
High risk of cubitus varus deformity
High risk of subsequent avascular necrosis of the medial condyle