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A 55-year-old female patient presents with pain along the thumb ray and increasing deformity of her right hand. Key pinch causes her pain. The appearance of her hand is seen in Figure A. Range of motion of her thumb is seen in Figure B. What is the most likely cause of her deformity?
Type II hypoplastic thumb
Median nerve neuropathy
Lupus thumb deformity
Extensor tendon rupture
Osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint
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A 68-year-old female office assistant reports left thumb pain that has progressively worsened over the past 2 years. She is left hand dominant and reports difficulty with opening jars and holding a coffee cup. On examination of the left hand she has a positive thumb carpometacarpal grind test and has a fixed deformity at the thumb metacarpalphalangeal joint. Figure A demonstrates the left hand grasping an object and Figure B shows a radiograph of the left thumb. What is the most appropriate next step in treatment?
Carpometacarpal joint fusion and metacarpophalangeal joint volar capsulodesis
Carpometacarpal joint resection arthroplasty and metacarpophalangeal joint volar capsulodesis
Carpometacarpal joint resection arthroplasty and metacarpophalangeal joint fusion
Carpometacarpal joint resection arthroplasty and temporary metacarpophalangeal joint percutaneous pin fixation
Carpometacarpal joint fusion and metacarpophalangeal joint fusion
A 60-year-old man has chronic pain at the base of this thumb and weakness on attempted thumb pinch. A radiograph is shown in Figure A. Which injection would likely most offer the greatest degree of symptomatic improvement?
All of the above are equally effective
All of the above are detrimental
A 56-year-old right hand dominant male presents to your office complaining of right thumb pain worsened with pincer grip and using his mobile phone. He is a writer, and is having difficulty holding his pen. Radiographs from this visit are shown in Figure A. Compared with trapeziectomy alone, which of the following treatment options is likely to result in superior pain relief and improvement of key-pinch strength?
Trapeziometacarpal corticosteroid injection followed by aggressive occupational therapy
Trapeziectomy with interpositional palmaris longus arthroplasty
Trapeziectomy, interpositional arthroplasty, and palmar oblique ligament reconstruction using flexor carpi radialis autograft
Partial trapeziectomy with capsular interpositional arthroplasty
None of the above