This study aimed to compare the results of AP screws, PA screws and posterior buttress plate used in posterior malleolar fixation of trimalleolar fractures. In this study, the data of 104 trimalleolar fracture cases treated surgically between October 2011 and January 2014 were extracted from hospital records. Patient demographics (age, gender, body mass index), the presence of syndesmotic injury, fracture type (according to the Lauge-Hansen classification), the size of posterior malleolar fragment (measured on lateral radiographs) were recorded. The patients requiring postoperative care for at least a year were invited to attend an evaluation of functional and radiological outcomes. At the final follow-up examination the functional evaluation was made by using AOFAS scores, VAS scores during walking, and dorsiflexion restrictions as compared with the unaffected side. As for the radiological evaluation, the patients were assessed according to the presence of a gap or step by the direct use of graphies following the fixation and with regard to the osteoarthritic development in alignment with the Bargon criteria. A total of 67 patients met the study inclusion criteria; 20 cases in the AP screw, 13 cases in the PA screw and 34 cases in the plate group. The mean follow-up period was 14.4 ± 2.23 months in AP, 16.3 ± 2.56 months in PA and 17.1 ± 3.01 months in the plate group. Better AOFAS scores were obtained in the PA group and the plate group compared to the AP screw group (p < 0.001). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups in respect of VAS scores during walking and dorsiflexion restriction. Better radiological reduction was observed in the PA screw group and the plate group (p < 0.001).

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