Usually mixed spastic and athetoid features and involves the entire body
Legs more than arms but usually still ambulatory. IQmay be normal (injury in brain is midline)
Arms and legs on one side of the body, usually with spasticity; will eventually be able to walk, regardless of treatment
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Technique guide are not considered high yield topics for orthopaedic standardized exams including the ABOS, EBOT and RC.
Which of the following findings is most prognostic for the ability of a young child with cerebral palsy to walk?
Ability to sit independently by age 2 years
Ability to creep by age 2 years
Ability to roll by age 2 years
Pattern of cerebral palsy (quadriplegia, diplegia, hemiplegia)
Type of motor dysfunction (spastic, ataxic, dyskinetic, hypotonic)
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An 18-year-old girl with quadriplegic cerebral palsy underwent posterior spinal fusion from T2 to the pelvis 3 weeks ago. She now has a low-grade fever and mild midline erythema in a 1-cm area from which there is slight clear yellowish drainage. What is the next most appropriate step in management?
Oral antibiotics empirically
Culture of the drainage and oral antibiotics
Aspiration of the wound and IV antibiotics empirically
Wound culture with incision and debridement, IV antibiotics, and retention of instrumentation
Wound culture with incision and debridement, IV antibiotics, and removal of instrumentation followed by bracing
In patients with cerebral palsy, voluntary control of motion best predicts improvement in function after which of the following?
Selective dorsal rhizotomy
Wrist/hand tendon transfer surgery
Femoral derotational osteotomies
Tibial derotational osteotomies
A six-year-old male child has cerebral palsy and limited ambulatory function. Physical exam is notable for mild spasticity in all four extremities, with the lower extremities demonstrating more involvement than the upper extremities. Cognitive function is mildly delayed for chronologic age. Pelvis radiograph is notable for dysplasia of bilateral hips. Which of the following terms best desribes this patient's cerebral palsy?
Which of the following decreases acetylcholine levels in the synaptic cleft by blocking the presynaptic release of acetylcholine peripherally?
Botulinum toxin A