Updated: 1/1/2022

Gluteus maximus

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  • Summary
      • Gluteus maximus
      • Origin
      • Posterior aspect of dorsal ilium posterior to posterior gluteal line, posterior superior iliac crest, posterior inferior aspect of sacrum and coccyx, and sacrotuberous ligament
      • Insertion
      • Primarily in fascia lata at the iliotibial band; also into the gluteal tuberosity on posterior femoral surface
      • Action 
      • Major extensor of hip joint, assists in laterally rotating the thigh; upper and middle third section of the muscle are abductors
      • Innervation
      • Inferior gluteal nerve (L5, S1, S2) 
      • Arterial supply
      • Inferior and superior gluteal arteries and the first perforating branch of the profunda femoris artery

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