Updated: 10/6/2016

Layers of the Plantar Foot

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Dorsal Layer
  • Extensor digitorum brevis post
First Plantar Layer
  • Most superficial of all the layers
  • Muscles
    • abductor hallucis topic
    • flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) topic
    • abductor digiti minimi topic
Second Plantar Layer
  •  Muscles
    • quadratus plantae topic
    • lumbrical muscles topic
  • Tendons
    • flexor digitorum longus (FDL) topic
    • flexor hallucis longus (FHL) topic
  • Neurovascular structures
    • medial and lateral plantar arteries
Third Plantar Layer 
  •  Muscles
    • flexor hallucis brevis topic
    • oblique and transverse heads of the adductor hallucis topic
    • flexor digiti minimi brevis topic
Fourth Plantar Layer  
  • Deepest layer
  • Muscles
    • dorsal interosseous topic
    • plantar interosseus topic
  • Tendons
    • peroneus longus topic
    • tibialis posterior topic
      • both tendons travel to their insertion point via fibro-osseus tunnels
 

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