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Proper tackling techniques should be taught to adolescent football players to prevent catastrophic cervical spine injury. These injuries most commonly occur through which of the following mechanisms?
Axial loading of the subaxial spine that occurs with spear tackling
Traction injury leading to nerve-root avulsion from arm tackling
Excessive lateral bending from high impact shoulder tackling
Flexion-distraction injuries due to a whiplash mechanism during cut blocking
Rotational injuries from pulling on the face mask during a tackle
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A college football receiver is unconscious and in respiratory distress after sustaining a helmet to helmet collision. What is the correct initial management of this patient?
Transfer player to emergency room
Remove the helmet and shoulder pads
Remove helmet and sit the player upright to help with breathing
Remove the facemask, leaving the helmet in place, followed by appropriate airway managment
21-year-old college football player sustains transient loss of motor function in his arms after a collision. Which of the following is an absolute contraindication to return to play?
Anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion for one level disk herniation
Torg ratio of less than 0.8 with no other neurologic symptoms
Cord signal changes in the MRI
Frequent episodes of stingers when he was in high school
Chronic neck and back pain