Background: The Pulvertaft weave was described more than 50 years ago and is still used in tendon transfers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the strength of a modified core suture Pulvertaft weave technique and compare it to the original Pulvertaft weave traditionally used in tendon transfer surgery. Methods: 12 extensor pollicis longus tendons and extensor indices proprius tendons were harvested from fresh frozen cadavers. Six Pulvertaft weaves were performed using FiberWire 4.0 and six core suture tendon weave were performed using FiberLoop 4.0. Biomechanical analysis was performed and stifness, first failure load and ultimate failure load were measured for both set of repairs. Results: The stiffness of the core suture tendon repair (9.5 N/mm) was greater than that of the Pulvertaft repair (2.5 N/mm) The first failure load of the core suture tendon repairs (68.9 N) was greater than the Pulvertaft repairs (19.2 N) and the ultimate failure load of the core suture tendon repairs (101.8 N) was greater than the Pulvertaft repairs (21.9 N). All of these differences were statistically significant. Conclusions: The core suture Pulvertaft weave is a modification to the Pulvertaft weave used in tendon transfers. The results of this cadaveric study suggest it is 5 times stronger than the traditional Pulvertaft repair, potentially allowing it to be used with early active motion protocols after tendon transfers.

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