Segmental bone defects of the tibia are amenable to multiple treatment options including classic bone transport, shortening and then lengthening, induced membrane technique, transport over a nail, free fibular grafting, and medial transport of the ipsilateral fibula. These treatment options have relative advantages and disadvantages, depending on defect size, soft-tissue characteristics, the presence or absence of infection, and associated morbidity. Relatively, few large comparative studies exist, and surgeons are left to their own experience and the opinion of experts within the field to guide surgical decision-making.