BACKGROUND:
The degree of symptomatic disease and functional burden has been demonstrated to influence patient results and satisfaction in total hip and knee arthroplasty. Although the relationship between preoperative diagnosis and patient outcomes has been an area of study for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA), the influence of the progression of cuff tear arthropathy (CTA) has not yet been examined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether preoperative radiographic disease burden and scapular geometry impact patient outcomes and satisfaction in a cohort of patients with CTA treated with RTSA.

METHODS:
Eighty-six patients were treated for CTA with RTSA performed by the senior author (B.G.) between September 2016 and September 2018 and were enrolled in an institutional registry. At the time of initial evaluation, the baseline American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, patient demographic characteristics, history of shoulder surgery, and presence of pseudoparalysis were collected. Radiographs were obtained to evaluate the critical shoulder angle, acromial index, and progression of CTA as assessed by Hamada grading and the Seebauer classification. Patients were contacted to reassess the ASES score and their satisfaction with the improvement in their shoulder function.

RESULTS:
A total of 79 patients (91.6%) were available for evaluation at a minimum of 24 months of follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression modeling revealed that scapular geometry measurements (critical shoulder angle and acromial index) and the degree of CTA (Seebauer and Hamada classifications) were not associated with worse outcomes as assessed by the ASES score. However, degenerative changes as assessed by the Hamada grade (odds ratio, 0.13 [95% confidence interval, 0.02-0.86]; P = .03) and preoperative ASES score (odds ratio, 1.04 [95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.07]; P = .008) were independently associated with higher satisfaction at 24 months of follow-up.

CONCLUSION:
The results indicate that patients with greater CTA disease progression did not show differing outcomes after RTSA compared with patients with milder disease. In contrast, both poorer preoperative function and degenerative changes as assessed by the Hamada classification were associated with greater satisfaction after RTSA for CTA. Given the broad spectrum of disease in CTA, there is likely a corresponding range in patient expectations that requires further study to maximize patient satisfaction.





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