Injuries to the tibio-fibular syndesmotic ligaments are different than ankle collateral ligament injuries and occur in isolation or combination with malleolar fractures. Syndesmotic ligament injury can lead to prolonged functional limitations and ultimately long-term ankle dysfunction if not identified and treated appropriately. The syndesmosis complex is a relatively simple construct of well-documented ligaments, but the dynamic kinematics and the effects of disruption have been a point of contention in diagnosis and treatment. Syndesmotic ligament injuries are sometimes referred to as "high ankle sprains" because the syndesmotic ligaments are more proximal than the collateral ligaments of the ankle joint. Rotational injuries to the ankle often result in malleolar fractures, which can be combined with ankle joint or syndesmotic ligament injuries. Most of the orthopaedic literature to this point has addressed syndesmosis ligament injuries in combination with fractures and not isolated syndesmotic ligament injuries. Thus, we propose a simplified general video guide to do the diagnostic examinations and arthroscopic-assisted reduction based on current evidence-based medicine.





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