Use of total shoulder arthroplasty has significantly increased during the past decade. For anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty, controversy exists regarding the best technique for detachment and repair of the subscapularis tendon. Options include tendon tenotomy, peel, lesser tuberosity osteotomy, and even subscapularis-sparing techniques. Inadequate healing of the subscapularis tendon can lead to postoperative pain, weakness, and instability. This review discusses the subscapularis pathoanatomy, different techniques for releasing and repairing the tendon, and reports biomechanical and clinical outcomes for each technique after total shoulder arthroplasty.