Talus fractures occur rarely but are often associated with complications and functional limitations. Urgent reduction of associated dislocations is recommended with open reduction and internal fixation of displaced fractures when adjacent soft tissue injury permits. Delayed definitive fixation may reduce the risks of wound complications and infections. Restoration of articular and axial alignment is necessary to optimize ankle and hindfoot function. Despite this, posttraumatic arthrosis occurs frequently after talar neck and body fractures, especially with comminution of the talar body. Osteonecrosis is reported in up to half of talar neck fractures, although many of these injuries will revascularize without collapse of the talar dome. Initial fracture displacement and presence of open fractures increase the risk of osteonecrosis. Talar process fractures may be subtle and easily missed on plain radiographs. Advanced imaging will provide detail to facilitate treatment planning.

Therapeutic Level V. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.