The following is a summary of the recommendations in the AAOS’ clinical practice guideline, The Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Joint Infections of the Hip and Knee. This summary does not contain rationales that explain how and why these recommendations were developed nor does it contain the evidence supporting these recommendations. All readers of this summary are strongly encouraged to consult the full guideline and evidence report for this information. We are confident that those who read the full guideline and evidence report will note that the recommendations were developed using systematic evidence-based processes designed to combat bias, enhance transparency, and promote reproducibility. This summary of recommendations is not intended to stand alone. Clinical decisions should be made in light of all circumstances presented by the patient. Procedures applicable to the individual patient rely on mutual communication between patient, physician, and other healthcare practitioners.