The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of prosthetic design and surgical technique of reverse shoulder implants on total abduction range of motion and impingement on the inferior scapular neck. Custom implants in three glenosphere diameters (30, 36, and 42 mm), with 3 different centers of rotation offsets (0, +5, and +10 mm), were placed into a Sawbones scapula (Pacific Research Laboratories, Vashon, WA) in 3 different positions: superior, center, and inferior glenoid. Humeral sockets were manufactured with a 130 degrees , 150 degrees , and 170 degrees neck-shaft angle. Four independent factors (glenosphere diameter, center of rotation offset, glenosphere position on the glenoid, and humeral neck-shaft angle) were compared with the 2 dependent factors of range of motion and inferior scapular impingement. Center of rotation offset had the largest effect on range of motion, followed by glenosphere position. Neck-shaft angle had the largest effect on inferior scapular impingement, followed by glenosphere position. This information may be useful to the surgeon when deciding on the appropriate reverse implant.

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