There has been renewed interest in reverse shoulder arthroplasty for the treatment of glenohumeral arthritis with concomitant rotator cuff deficiency. Failure of the prosthesis at the glenoid attachment site remains a concern. The purpose of this study was to examine glenoid component stability with regard to the angle of implantation. This investigation entailed a biomechanical analysis to evaluate forces and micromotion in glenoid components attached to 12 polyurethane blocks at -15 degrees, 0 degrees, and +15 degrees of superior and inferior tilt. The 15 degrees inferior tilt had the most uniform compressive forces and the least amount of tensile forces and micromotion when compared with the 0 degrees and 15 degrees superiorly tilted baseplate. Our results suggest that implantation with an inferior tilt will reduce the incidence of mechanical failure of the glenoid component in a reverse shoulder prosthesis.

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