Contemporary highly cross-linked polyethylenes have become the most widely used alternative bearing surfaces in total hip replacement and may be paired with large diameter femoral heads (> 32 mm) in patients considered to be at high risk for dislocation. We report on a prospective series of 42 patients (45 hips) who had total hip replacement using large diameter cobalt-chrome femoral heads articulating with a highly cross linked polyethylene after a minimum of 3 years followup (mean 3.3 years). At final followup, the final patient cohort showed excellent clinical results with no radiographic failures or episodes of loosening. There was no evidence of pelvic or femoral osteolysis. One patient sustained a dislocation due to a grossly malpositioned acetabular component necessitating early isolated acetabular revision. The average yearly steady state wear rate was -0.06 +/- 0.41 mm/year. The results of our short-term prospective series indicated total hip replacement with large femoral heads articulating with a highly cross linked polyethylene showed excellent wear characteristics and clinical results and could be considered in patients at increased risk for dislocation.

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