Advances in medical treatment have led to improved life expectancy in patients with sickle cell hemoglobinopathies. Improved life expectancy has, in turn, led to an increasing number of patients with osteonecrosis requiring total hip arthroplasty. Patient evaluation begins with understanding the extent of the disease process and the patient's musculoskeletal manifestations (ie, pyogenic infection, marrow hyperplasia, osteonecrosis). A multidisciplinary approach to implementing effective preoperative treatment strategies increases the likelihood of a successful surgical outcome. Intraoperatively, consideration of bone stock, bone quality, and method of component fixation may help minimize the risk of eccentric reaming, perforation or fracture of either the acetabulum or the femur, and loosening. The optimal mode of acetabular and femoral fixation in these patients has not been conclusively determined, but recent results of cementless total hip arthroplasty have been encouraging. Although patients with sickle cell disease are at increased risk of medical and surgical complications, total hip arthroplasty in the appropriately selected patient can provide significant pain relief, restoration of function, and patient satisfaction.

Polls results

On a scale of 1 to 10, rate how much this article will change your clinical practice?

NO change
BIG change
85% Article relates to my practice (12/14)
7% Article does not relate to my practice (1/14)
7% Undecided (1/14)

Will this article lead to more cost-effective healthcare?

71% Yes (10/14)
21% No (3/14)
7% Undecided (1/14)

Was this article biased? (commercial or personal)

0% Yes (0/14)
100% No (14/14)
0% Undecided (0/14)

What level of evidence do you think this article is?

0% Level 1 (0/14)
7% Level 2 (1/14)
35% Level 3 (5/14)
28% Level 4 (4/14)
28% Level 5 (4/14)