Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the foot and ankle is playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis of a wide range of foot and ankle abnormalities, as well as in planning for their surgical treatment. For an optimal MR study of the foot and ankle, it is necessary to obtain high-resolution, small-field-of-view images using a variety of pulse sequences. The most common indication for MR imaging of the foot and ankle is for the evaluation of tendon and bone abnormalities, such as osteomyelitis, occult fractures, and partial and complete tears of the Achilles, tibialis posterior, and peroneal tendons. Magnetic resonance imaging has also been shown to be helpful in the diagnosis of several soft-tissue abnormalities that are unique to the foot and ankle, such as plantar fasciitis, plantar fibromatosis, interdigital neuromas, and tarsal tunnel syndrome.