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PDF
1 20825564
Kallewaard JW 2010
15. Discogenic low back pain. Spine
E
2 9431616
Fischgrund JS , SPINE 1997
1997 Volvo Award winner in clinical studies. Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis: a prospective, randomized study comparing decompressive laminectomy and arthrodesis with and wi Spine
L 1
D
3 9431617
Thomsen K , SPINE 1997
1997 Volvo Award winner in clinical studies. The effect of pedicle screw instrumentation on functional outcome and fusion rates in posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion: a prospective, randomized clinical study. Spine
E
4 18475245
Samartzis D , SPINE 2008
2008 Young Investigator Award: The role of congenitally fused cervical segments upon the space available for the cord and associated symptoms in Klippel-Feil patients. Spine
E
5 19755936
Carragee EJ , SPINE 2009
2009 ISSLS Prize Winner: Does discography cause accelerated progression of degeneration changes in the lumbar disc: a ten-year matched cohort study. Spine
L 1
C
6 21061894
Waring WP 3rd , JSCM 2010
_ 2009 review and revisions of the international standards for the neurological classification of spinal cord injury. Spine
E
  PDF
7 29762279
Daimon K , JBJS 2018
A 20-Year Prospective Longitudinal Study of Degeneration of the Cervical Spine in a Volunteer Cohort Assessed Using MRI: Follow-up of a Cross-Sectional Study. Spine
L 5
B
  PDF
8 29164027
Fehlings MG 2017
A Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Introduction, Rationale, and Scope. Spine
E
  PDF
9 34179552
Ito K 2021
A Longitudinal Study of Lumbar Sagittal Change in Middle-Aged Healthy Volunteers. Spine
E
  PDF
10 25361435
Gandhoke GS 2014
A Multi-Center Evaluation of Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes Following High-Grade Spondylolisthesis Reduction and Fusion. Spine
E
11 29168144
Arnold DE 2017
A Review of Chronic Granulomatous Disease. Spine
E
  PDF
12 26378359
Schroeder GD , NEUROS 2015
A Systematic Review of the Treatment of Geriatric Type II Odontoid Fractures. Spine
C
13 3194788
Sutterlin CE 3rd , SPINE 1988
A biomechanical evaluation of cervical spinal stabilization methods in a bovine model. Static and cyclical loading. Spine
L 1
D
14 18586531
Hamada J , JSES 2008
A cadaveric study of the serratus anterior muscle and the long thoracic nerve. Spine
E
15 16915098
Schwab F , SPINE 2006
A clinical impact classification of scoliosis in the adult. Spine
L 2
D
16 11127649
Kawakami M , CORR 2000
A comparative study of surgical approaches for cervical compressive myelopathy. Spine
L 3
D
17 23307679
Patel MS , BJJ 2013
A comparative study of the outcomes of primary and revision lumbar discectomy surgery. Spine
L 4
C
18 21184638
Kretzer RM , JNEURS 2011
A computed tomography-based morphometric study of thoracic pedicle anatomy in a random United States trauma population. Spine
E
19 11458169
Kanchiku T , SPINE 2001
A correlation between magnetic resonance imaging and electrophysiological findings in cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Spine
E
20 11035473
Jimenez O , SCORD 2000
A histopathological analysis of the human cervical spinal cord in patients with acute traumatic central cord syndrome. Spine
E
21 19462214
Fayssoux RS , CORR 2010
A history of bracing for idiopathic scoliosis in North America. Spine
L 1
D
  PDF
22 7071658
Allen BL Jr , SPINE 1982
A mechanistic classification of closed, indirect fractures and dislocations of the lower cervical spine. Spine
L 3
D
23 17414982
Kotil K 2007
A minimally invasive transmuscular approach to far-lateral L5-S1 level disc herniations: a prospective study. Spine
E
24 20439651
Nault ML , JBJS 2010
A modified Risser grading system predicts the curve acceleration phase of female adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine
L 2
D
25 16227897
Vaccaro AR , SPINE 2005
A new classification of thoracolumbar injuries: the importance of injury morphology, the integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex, and neurologic status. Spine
L 1
D
  PDF
26 31787080
Zhang B , BMCMS 2019
A new decompression technique for upper lumbar fracture with neurologic deficit-comparison with traditional open posterior surgery. Spine
E
  PDF
27 31787080
Zhang B , BMCMS 2019
A new decompression technique for upper lumbar fracture with neurologic deficit-comparison with traditional open posterior surgery. Spine
E
  PDF
28 23657673
Pilge H , INTORT 2013
A novel technique to treat Grisel's syndrome: results of a simplified, therapeutical algorithm. Spine
E
  PDF
29 33898249
Eltes PE 2021
A novel three-dimensional volumetric method to measure indirect decompression after percutaneous cement discoplasty. Spine
E
30 16915093
Darsaut TE , SPINE 2006
A pilot study of magnetic resonance imaging-guided closed reduction of cervical spine fractures. Spine
E
31 16540869
Carragee EJ , SPINE 2006
A prospective controlled study of limited versus subtotal posterior discectomy: short-term outcomes in patients with herniated lumbar intervertebral discs and large posterior anular defect. Spine
E
32 17633481
Kwon BK , SPINE 2007
A prospective randomized controlled trial of anterior compared with posterior stabilization for unilateral facet injuries of the cervical spine. Spine
E
33 24509773
Maestretti G , ESPNJ 2014
A prospective study of percutaneous balloon kyphoplasty with calcium phosphate cement in traumatic vertebral fractures: 10-year results. Spine
E
34 22251974
Manzano GR , NEUROS 2012
A prospective, randomized trial comparing expansile cervical laminoplasty and cervical laminectomy and fusion for multilevel cervical myelopathy. Spine
E
35 18665021
Friedman BW , SPINE 2008
A randomized placebo-controlled trial of single-dose IM corticosteroid for radicular low back pain. Spine
E
  PDF
36 23446769
Van Meirhaeghe J , SPINE 2013
A randomized trial of balloon kyphoplasty and nonsurgical management for treating acute vertebral compression fractures: vertebral body kyphosis correction and surgical parameters. Spine
E
  PDF
37 24988555
Friedly JL 2014
A randomized trial of epidural glucocorticoid injections for spinal stenosis. Spine
L 3
B
  PDF
38 19657122
Kallmes DF , NEJM 2009
A randomized trial of vertebroplasty for osteoporotic spinal fractures. Spine
L 3
C
  PDF
39 19657121
Buchbinder R , NEJM 2009
A randomized trial of vertebroplasty for painful osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Spine
L 3
D
  PDF
40 25675062
Manchikanti L 2015
A randomized, double-blind controlled trial of lumbar interlaminar epidural injections in central spinal stenosis: 2-year follow-up. Spine
E
  PDF
41 3782229
Merriam WF , BJJ 1986
A reappraisal of acute traumatic central cord syndrome. Spine
L 3
D
  PDF
42 20871441
Lall R , NEUROS 2010
A review of complications associated with craniocervical fusion surgery. Spine
L 3
C
43 20869001
Stevens EA , SPINEJ 2010
A review of surgical intervention in the setting of traumatic central cord syndrome. Spine
E
44 18766477
Rihn JA 2008
A review of the TLICS system: a novel, user-friendly thoracolumbar trauma classification system. Spine
E
45 24551630
Bhattarai S 2013
A study on factors affecting low back pain and safety and efficacy of NSAIDs in acute low back pain in a tertiary care hospital of Western Nepal. Spine
E
  PDF
46 14589227
Khoo LT , SPINEJ 2003
A surgical revisitation of Pott distemper of the spine. Spine
L 1
C
47 17013656
Rubinstein SM , ESPNJ 2007
A systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy of provocative tests of the neck for diagnosing cervical radiculopathy. Spine
E
  PDF
48 16235100
Li XF , ESPNJ 2006
A systematic review of the management of hangman's fractures. Spine
L 4
C
  PDF
49 30977878
Gentile L 2019
A systematic review: characteristics, complications and treatment of spondylodiscitis. Spine
E
  PDF
50 21368100
McGuire R. , JAAOS 2011
AAOS Clinical Practice Guideline: the Treatment of Symptomatic Osteoporotic Spinal Compression Fractures. Spine
E
51 21368099
Esses SI , JAAOS 2011
AAOS Treatment Guidelines: The treatment of symptomatic osteoporotic spinal compression fractures. Spine
L 2
C
52 17964500
Daffner RH 2007
ACR Appropriateness Criteria on suspected spine trauma. Spine
E
53 28816871
Schnake KJ , JOT 2017
AOSpine Classification Systems (Subaxial, Thoracolumbar). Spine
E
54 16623206
Upchurch GR Jr 2006
Abdominal aortic aneurysm. Spine
E
55 8989711
Yngve D. , JPO 1997
Abdominal reflexes. Spine
L 1
D
56 14718693
Hanson RA 2004
Abducens length and vulnerability? Spine
E
57 2398088
Boden SD , JBJS 1990
Abnormal magnetic-resonance scans of the cervical spine in asymptomatic subjects. A prospective investigation. Spine
L 3
D
58 2312537
Boden SD , JBJS 1990
Abnormal magnetic-resonance scans of the lumbar spine in asymptomatic subjects. A prospective investigation. Spine
E
59 23250515
Quraishi NA , ESPNJ 2013
Access related complications in anterior lumbar surgery performed by spinal surgeons. Spine
E
  PDF
60 18362800
Morton A , JPO 2008
Accuracy in the prediction and estimation of adherence to bracewear before and during treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine
L 5
D
61 14624083
Rosenfeld M , SPINE 2003
Active intervention in patients with whiplash-associated disorders improves long-term prognosis: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Spine
L 3
D
62 16845354
Rosenfeld M , SPINE 2006
Active involvement and intervention in patients exposed to whiplash trauma in automobile crashes reduces costs: a randomized, controlled clinical trial and health economic evaluation. Spine
L 3
C
63 20543769
Li XF , SPINE 2010
Acute central cord syndrome: injury mechanisms and stress features. Spine
E
64 511875
Bohlman HH. , JBJS 1979
Acute fractures and dislocations of the cervical spine. An analysis of three hundred hospitalized patients and review of the literature. Spine
L 2
D
65 18841731
Gregory DS , AFP 2008
Acute lumbar disk pain: navigating evaluation and treatment choices. Spine
L 2
D
  PDF
66 12852683
Kim DH 2003
Acute sports-related spinal cord injury: contemporary management principles. Spine
L 2
D
67 1603319
Quencer RM 1992
Acute traumatic central cord syndrome: MRI-pathological correlations. Spine
E
68 26601812
Erwood AM 2016
Acutely unstable cervical spine injury with normal CT scan findings: MRI detects ligamentous injury. Spine
E
69 28288396
Zhong ZM 2017
Adjacent segment disease after instrumented fusion for adult lumbar spondylolisthesis: Incidence and risk factors. Spine
E
70 23281466
Cho SK , JAAOS 2013
Adjacent segment disease following cervical spine surgery. Spine
L 1
D
71 17873819
Cheh G , SPINE 2007
Adjacent segment disease followinglumbar/thoracolumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation: a minimum 5-year follow-up. Spine
L 5
D
72 21796395
Maldonado CV , ESPNJ 2011
Adjacent-level degeneration after cervical disc arthroplasty versus fusion. Spine
E
  PDF
73 11507125
Lenke LG , JBJS 2001
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a new classification to determine extent of spinal arthrodesis. Spine
L 1
D
74 19794218
Jones TR , JAAOS 2009
Adult isthmic spondylolisthesis. Spine
L 2
C
75 17873817
Daubs MD , SPINE 2007
Adult spinal deformity surgery: complications and outcomes in patients over age 60. Spine
L 5
D
76 21102297
Schwab F , SPINE 2010
Adult spinal deformity-postoperative standing imbalance: how much can you tolerate? An overview of key parameters in assessing alignment and planning corrective surgery. Spine
L 1
B
77 31305254
Diebo BG 2019
Adult spinal deformity. Spine
E
78 21508286
Hsu WK. , JBJS 2011
Advanced techniques in cervical spine surgery. Spine
L 1
D
79 20357230
Gupta R , JAAOS 2010
Advances in the management of spinal cord injury. Spine
L 1
C
80 11802050
Steurer M 2002
Advantages of recurrent laryngeal nerve identification in thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy and the importance of preoperative and postoperative laryngoscopic examination in more than 1000 nerves at risk. Spine
L 2
D
81 20556780
Dahm KT , COCHD 2010
Advice to rest in bed versus advice to stay active for acute low-back pain and sciatica. Spine
E
82 19333104
Okada E , SPINE 2009
Aging of the cervical spine in healthy volunteers: a 10-year longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study. Spine
E
83 28538443
Kim M , SPINE 2017
Airway Management Protocol After Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: Analysis of the Results of Risk Factors Associated With Airway Complication. Spine
E
84 18046170
Andrew SA 2007
Airway changes after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. Spine
E
85 11979168
Sagi HC , SPINE 2002
Airway complications associated with surgery on the anterior cervical spine. Spine
L 4
D
86 6719255
Wiltse LL , SPINE 1984
Alar transverse process impingement of the L5 spinal nerve: the far-out syndrome. Spine
E
87 27389939
Farrokhi MR 2016
An Evidence-Based Stepwise Surgical Approach to Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Narrative Review of the Current Literature. Spine
E
88 16261120
Kuhns CA , SPINE 2005
An Outcomes Analysis of the Treatment of Cervical Pseudarthrosis with Posterior Fusion. Spine
L 4
D
89 30531238
Letzelter J , JAAOS 2019
An Overview of Skin Antiseptics Used in Orthopaedic Surgery Procedures. Spine
E
90 8727186
Petraco DM , SPINE 1996
An anatomic evaluation of L5 nerve stretch in spondylolisthesis reduction. Spine
L 2
D
  PDF
91 12616150
Moro T , SPINE 2003
An anatomic study of the lumbar plexus with respect to retroperitoneal endoscopic surgery. Spine
E
92 8855456
Ebraheim NA , SPINE 1996
An anatomic study of the thickness of the occipital bone. Implications for occipitocervical instrumentation. Spine
L 4
D
93 8668357
Bravo P 1996
An assessment of factors affecting neurological recovery after spinal cord injury with vertebral fracture. Spine
L 2
D
94 29864545
Tomov M , SPINEJ 2019
An empiric analysis of 5 counter measures against surgical site infections following spine surgery-a pragmatic approach and review of the literature. Spine
E
95 31934354
Kirshblum S 2020
Anal reflex versus bulbocavernosus reflex in evaluation of patients with spinal cord injury. Spine
E
  PDF
96 1279336
Fulton JD. 1992
Analgesic use of etidronate in Forrestier's disease. Spine
E
97 25089671
Dreger T , JSDT 2014
Analysis of Cervical Angiograms in Cervical Spine Trauma Patients, Does it Make a Difference? Spine
L 5
D
98 28146019
Di Capua J , SPINE 2017
Analysis of Risk Factors for Major Complications Following Elective Posterior Lumbar Fusion. Spine
E
99 30479974
Elgafy H , WJO 2018
Analysis of a ten step protocol to decrease postoperative spinal wound infections. Spine
E
  PDF
100 7808047
Deen HG Jr 1995
Analysis of early failures after lumbar decompressive laminectomy for spinal stenosis. Spine
L 2
D
101 22350009
Makino T , ESPNJ 2012
Analysis of lumbar pedicle morphology in degenerative spines using multiplanar reconstruction computed tomography: what can be the reliable index for optimal pedicle screw diameter? Spine
E
  PDF
102 23425756
Kharbanda AB 2013
Analysis of radiation exposure among pediatric trauma patients at national trauma centers. Spine
E
103 3589807
Zindrick MR , SPINE 1987
Analysis of the morphometric characteristics of the thoracic and lumbar pedicles. Spine
E
104 22195608
Upadhyaya CD , JNEURS 2012
Analysis of the three United States Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption cervical arthroplasty trials. Spine
C
105 1395312
Weinstein JN 1992
Anatomic and technical considerations of pedicle screw fixation. Spine
E
106 21152330
Lammy S. 2009
Anatomical course demarcating the safe area for the superior gluteal nerve. Spine
E
  PDF
107 14667623
Morishita K 2003
Anatomical study of blood supply to the spinal cord. Spine
L 1
D
108 26409723
Teske W 2015
Anatomical study of preganglionic spinal nerve and disc relation at different lumbar levels: Special aspect for microscopic spine surgery. Spine
E
109 16888547
Bruneau M , NEUROS 2006
Anatomical variations of the V2 segment of the vertebral artery. Spine
E
110 18923317
Hong JT , SPINE 2008
Anatomical variations of the vertebral artery segment in the lower cervical spine: analysis by three-dimensional computed tomography angiography. Spine
E
111 17352414
Tubbs RS 2007
Anatomy and quantitation of the subscapular nerves. Spine
E
112 20938787
Kepler CK , ESPNJ 2011
Anatomy of the psoas muscle and lumbar plexus with respect to the surgical approach for lateral transpsoas interbody fusion. Spine
E
  PDF
113 20938787
Kepler CK , ESPNJ 2011
Anatomy of the psoas muscle and lumbar plexus with respect to the surgical approach for lateral transpsoas interbody fusion. Spine
E
  PDF
114 4069324
Matjasko J , NEUROS 1985
Anesthesia and surgery in the seated position: analysis of 554 cases. Spine
L 4
D
115 12477988
Sloan TB 2002
Anesthesia for intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring of the spinal cord. Spine
E
116 27355535
Taurog JD , NEJM 2016
Ankylosing Spondylitis and Axial Spondyloarthritis. Spine
D
  PDF
117 24362789
Chen HH 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis and other inflammatory spondyloarthritis increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in an Asian population. Spine
E
118 20698467
Clarke A , ACTAB 2010
Ankylosing spondylitis: inadvertent application of a rigid collar after cervical fracture, leading to neurological complications and death. Spine
E
119 34153482
Wadhwa H 2021
Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Versus Laminoplasty for Multilevel Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A National Administrative Database Analysis. Spine
E
120 34153482
Wadhwa H 2021
Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Versus Laminoplasty for Multilevel Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A National Administrative Database Analysis. Spine
E
121 26119899
Sugawara T. 2015
Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery for Degenerative Disease: A Review. Spine
E
  PDF
122 34058365
Tyagi G 2021
Anterior Odontoid Screw Fixation for C2 Fractures: Surgical Nuances, Complications, and Factors Affecting Fracture Union. Spine
E
123 34058365
Tyagi G 2021
Anterior Odontoid Screw Fixation for C2 Fractures: Surgical Nuances, Complications, and Factors Affecting Fracture Union. Spine
E
124 30277999
Newton PO , JBJS 2018
Anterior Spinal Growth Tethering for Skeletally Immature Patients with Scoliosis: A Retrospective Look Two to Four Years Postoperatively. Spine
L 5
A
125 10428126
Riew KD , JBJS 1999
Anterior cervical corpectomy in patients previously managed with a laminectomy: short-term complications. Spine
L 3
D
126 9697998
Emery SE , JBJS 1998
Anterior cervical decompression and arthrodesis for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Two to seventeen-year follow-up. Spine
L 1
D
127 27314663
Zou S , ESPNJ 2017
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) versus cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) for two contiguous levels cervical disc degenerative disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Spine
E
128 11242268
Bose B. , JSDT 2001
Anterior cervical instrumentation enhances fusion rates in multilevel reconstruction in smokers. Spine
E
129 8755747
Bishop RC , JNEURS 1996
Anterior cervical interbody fusion using autogeneic and allogeneic bone graft substrate: a prospective comparative analysis. Spine
E
130 23602376
Lee DH , SPINEJ 2013
Anterior cervical plating technique to prevent adjacent-level ossification development. Spine
E
131 24097230
Liu X , ESPNJ 2014
Anterior corpectomy versus posterior laminoplasty for multilevel cervical myelopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Spine
L 4
D
  PDF
132 24314763
He M , SPINEJ 2014
Anterior debridement, decompression, bone grafting, and instrumentation for lower cervical spine tuberculosis. Spine
E
133 24162182
Tang J , INTORT 2013
Anterior decompression with single segmental spinal interbody fusion for Denis type B thoracolumbar burst fracture: a midterm follow-up study. Spine
E
  PDF
134 841068
Swischuk LE. 1977
Anterior displacement of C2 in children: physiologic or pathologic. Spine
L 1
D
135 3403572
Bohlman HH , JBJS 1988
Anterior excision of herniated thoracic discs. Spine
L 3
D
136 20058455
Chiba K , ESPNJ 1993
Anterior screw fixation for odontoid fracture: clinical results in 45 cases. Spine
E
137 14520036
Lowe TG , SPINE 2003
Anterior single rod instrumentation for thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with and without the use of structural interbody support. Spine
E
138 23962995
Lawrence BD , SPINE 2013
Anterior versus posterior approach for treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy: a systematic review. Spine
E
139 24013718
Xu GJ , ESPNJ 2013
Anterior versus posterior approach for treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures: a meta-analysis. Spine
E
  PDF
140 24108289
Fehlings MG , SPINE 2013
Anterior versus posterior surgical approaches to treat cervical spondylotic myelopathy: outcomes of the prospective multicenter AOSpine North America CSM study in 264 patients. Spine
L 5
C
141 23404353
Albert HB , ESPNJ 2013
Antibiotic treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and vertebral bone edema (Modic type 1 changes): a double-blind randomized clinical controlled trial of efficacy. Spine
E
  PDF
142 20415395
Akbarnia BA 2010
Approaches for the very young child with spinal deformity: what's new and what works. Spine
L 3
C
143 12394893
Kadanka Z , SPINE 2002
Approaches to spondylotic cervical myelopathy: conservative versus surgical results in a 3-year follow-up study. Spine
L 3
D
144 30485205
MacDowall A , JNEURS 2018
Artificial disc replacement versus fusion in patients with cervical degenerative disc disease with radiculopathy: 5-year outcomes from the National Swedish Spine Register. Spine
C
  PDF
145 29613924
Miyanji F , JBJS 2018
Assessing the Risk-Benefit Ratio of Scoliosis Surgery in Cerebral Palsy: Surgery Is Worth It. Spine
C
146 28225684
Russo RJ , NEJM 2017
Assessing the Risks Associated with MRI in Patients with a Pacemaker or Defibrillator. Spine
E
147 17202895
Rainville J , SPINE 2007
Assessment of forearm pronation strength in C6 and C7 radiculopathies. Spine
E
148 16934721
Vaccaro AR , SPINEJ 2006
Assessment of injury to the posterior ligamentous complex in thoracolumbar spine trauma. Spine
E
149 20194316
Rihn JA , JBJS 2010
Assessment of the posterior ligamentous complex following acute cervical spine trauma. Spine
E
150 27790393
Green BN 2016
Association Between Smoking and Back Pain in a Cross-Section of Adult Americans. Spine
E
  PDF
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