Acute, traumatic rotator cuff tears typically occur in younger patients with a fall on an outstretched hand, grabbing an object to catch oneself when falling, or a glenohumeral dislocation. These tears are best evaluated with MRI. Partial-thickness tears may be managed nonoperatively with physical therapy, NSAIDs, and injections. Full-thickness tears in most patients should be managed with surgical repair as soon as possible, with better outcomes shown when repaired within 4 months of injury.